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  • Academic Achievement
  • Carol M White Grant
  • Children's Mental Health
  • Children's Mental Health - Anxiety Disorder
  • Children's Mental Health - Asperger's Syndrome
  • Children's Mental Health - Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Children's Mental Health - Bipolar Disorder
  • Children's Mental Health - Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Disorder (CDOD)
  • Children's Mental Health - Depression
  • Children's Mental Health - Eating Disorders
  • Children's Mental Health - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAS/FAE)
  • Children's Mental Health - Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Children's Mental Health - Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
  • Children's Mental Health - Pervasive Development Disorders (PDD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • Children's Mental Health - Reactive Attachment Disorder
  • Children's Mental Health - Schizophrenia
  • Children's Mental Health - Suicide
  • Children's Mental Health - Tourette's Disorder
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  • Academic Achievement

    Outperforming School Districts in Minnesota, 2002-03 -- (05-01-06) -- A recent analysis by Standard & Poor's found that of the 332 school districts in Minnesota that have sufficient data for analysis, 22 school districts, or 6.6 percent, outperformed demographically similar school districts in reading and math proficiency (RaMP) for two consecutive years (2001-02 and 2002-03).

    Play Under Siege -- (03-23-04) -- No naptime in preschool, no recess in kindergarten--are schools focusing too narrowly on desk learning alone? Child development specialist Ed Zigler says that children's play is under attack as schools focus on children's reading development at the expense of their equally important (and related) physical, social and emotional development.

    The ABC's of "Ready to Learn" -- (12-15-03) -- Many parents and policy leaders agree that quality childcare and preschool are important for young children, so they come to kindergarten ready to learn. But few can explain what "quality" looks like as well as Sue Bredekamp, a child development expert who helped developed the National Association for the Education of Young Children's standards for developmentally appropriate practices for young children's programs.

    Focus on Arkansas -- (09-11-03) -- School size is a critical factor in determining educational outcomes. Small size also makes other school improvements more effective.

    SAT scores show "right direction" -- (09-03-03) -- AP: August 26, 2003: The nation's high school class of 2003 achieved the best score on the math section of the SAT exam in at least 36 years, while students' verbal scores hit a 16-year high.

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    Carol M White Grant

    Carol M. White Expense Reimbursement Form -- (12-13-06) -- Download and print this form to request your expense reimbursements for the Carol M. White grant.

    In-Kind Form -- (12-13-06) -- Use this form to record the In-Kind/Match contributions for the Carol M. White Grant. Updated 12/13/06

    Minutes and Agendas -- (12-13-06) -- Agendas and Meeting Minutes for the Carol M. White Grant.

    Carol M. White Physical Education Grant Program Descriptive Report -- (05-10-06) -- Nineteen page report that describes the Carol M. White grant.

    Carol M. White Grant Partners Contact Information -- (04-11-06) -- Contains name, email address, telephone number of each partner of the grant.

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    Children's Mental Health

    Adolescent Mental Health: Service Setting and Reasons for Receiving Care -- (02-19-09) -- This is a a 3 page short report based on data from SAMHSA's National Survey on Drug Use & Health (NSDUH) that provides data on rates of services adolescents received from a long list of outpatient, residential, educational, and general medical settings such as hospital, foster care home, private therapist care, in-home therapist, school counselor, etc. Also included is a long list of reasons adolescents received mental health services including suicidal thought/attempts, eating problems, depression, etc.

    40 Developmental Assets -- (10-16-08) -- Search Institute of Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A., has identified the following building blocks of healthy development that help all young people grow up healthy, caring and responsible.

    An Evaluation of Integrated Services for Children and Adolescents in the Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Systems -- (10-14-08) -- In these two articles, the authors compare outcomes for children and adolescents receiving mental health services, either through a system of care or community mental health center. The results indicate that integrated services can reduce involvement in the justice system and costs for some groups of children.

    Use of Mental Health Services in the Past 12 Months by Children Aged 4-17 Years: United States, 2005-2006 -- (10-02-08) -- This report is based on the National Health Interview Survey.

    Practice Brief: Providing Services and Supports for Youth Who Are Lgbtqi2-S -- (09-02-08) -- This Practice Brief is for policymakers,administrators, and providers seeking to learn more about (1) youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning, intersex, or two-spirit (LGBTQI2-S) and (2) how to develop culturally and linguistically competent programs and services to meet their needs and preferences.

    The Availability and Accessibility of Transition-to-Adulthood Services for Youth with Serious Mental Health Conditions -- (03-05-07) -- This article assesses the availability and nature of transition-to-adulthood service programs in child and adult state mental health systems across the United States . Results from this research emphasize that transition-to-adulthood service programs are lacking in both availability and accessibility, signaling the need for increased awareness and funding to best assist young people with mental illness undergo this transition.

    CMS Grants will help states design alternatives to institutions for children with mental illness -- (01-04-07) -- With the proper supports, children institutionalized with mental illness that could thrive in their homes and communities will now have the opportunity to do so in 10 states that today received grants from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to design innovative new programs for such children.

    Teens With 'Natural' Mentors Have Higher Sense Of Self, Study Says -- (01-02-07) -- Teens who identify at least one influential, 'natural' mentor in their life -- a person not assigned by a formal mentoring program -- report that they have a higher sense of self and are more likely to take risks that affect their lives positively, according to the 2006 SADD and Liberty Mutual Teens Today study.

    Teenage trouble? Blame it on their brains -- (12-20-06) -- Researchers discover clues that help explain why teen years can be so difficult.

    The Influence of Gender and Parent Attitudes on Teen Perceptions of Mental Health Care -- (12-19-06) -- A recent study shows that perceived stigma and parental attitudes play essential roles in children's willingness to seek support and mental health services when faced with emotional concerns. Implications indicate that it is important for parents to be aware of the messages they give to their children – especially boys – about mental health conditions and those who treat them.

    Teens Prescribed Multiple Psychiatric Drugs -- (11-29-06) -- More children and adolescents in the U.S. are being prescribed multiple psychiatric drugs to treat problems like depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    Organized activities can be overdone, doctors say -- (10-10-06) -- Some advice for parents: Time for your kids to be kids is just as important for good health as academics and sports, researchers report.

    New ADHD links to lead, smoke found -- (09-19-06) -- About one-third of attention deficit cases among U.S. children may be linked to tobacco smoke before birth or to lead exposure afterward

    Blueprint for Change: A Comprehensive Model for the Identification and Treatment of Youth with Mental Health Needs in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System -- (08-01-06) -- It is now well established that the vast majority of youth in the juvenile justice system, approximately 70%, suffer from mental disorders, with 25% experiencing disorders so severe that their ability to function is significantly impaired. For some youth, contact with the juvenile justice system is often their first and only chance to get help. For others, it is the last resort after being bounced from one system to another. Frustrated juvenile justice administrators and mental health professionals are struggling to take action, yet little progress has been made due, at least in part, to the fact that there has been a lack of information available about how best to respond to these youth.

    Promotion of Mental Health and Prevention of Mental and Behavioral Disorders -- (05-24-06) -- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA’s) Center for Mental Health Services has launched a series on the Promotion of Mental Health and Prevention of Mental and Behavioral Disorders. This series will have six monographs, and each topic conveys the work of national experts in the fields of prevention science and child development.

    Raising a Child with Emotional or Behavioral Difficulties: Workforce Participation and Employment Support -- (05-17-06) -- This study examines the workforce participation of primary caregivers of children receiving mental health services. The authors discuss the results of a secondary analysis of data from 2585 participants in the national evaluation of the Comprehensive Community Mental Health Services for Children and Families (CCMHS) program. The severity of the child’s symptoms and adequacy of child care are among the factors associated with workforce participation. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed.

    School-Based Mental Health: An Empirical Guide for Decision-Makers -- (05-12-06) -- Everyone now champions school-based mental health services, but what do they mean exactly? Until now, decision-makers had no clear answers, and instead faced a baffling array of program choices. No comprehensive blueprint has yet emerged for designing a school-based service approach to address unique community needs and capacities. The new monograph from the Research and Training Center for Children's Mental Health provides practical information and advice for those engaged in developing and implementing effective evidence-based services in the school setting.

    Evaluating treatment for homeless adolescents -- (04-24-06) -- This research compares treatment outcomes for a group of runaway youth randomly assigned to one of two treatment options, either ecologically based family therapy (EBFT) or services as usual (SAU) provided by a shelter for homeless youth. The results indicated that youth benefited significantly from both types of treatment. There was some evidence that substance use reduction was greater for youth receiving EBFT in cases with a history of physical or sexual abuse.

    Assessing Children’s Mental Health: Validity Across Cultural Groups -- (04-04-06) -- This study explores the validity of a standardized screening tool (the Behavior Problem Index) for children’s mental health. Based on analysis of data drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, the authors find evidence of ethnicity-based differences in the operation of the instrument when they compare scores for children whose mothers are White, African-American, or Hispanic. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

    Which Comes First in Adolescence - Sex and Drugs or Depression? Does It Really Matter (Podcast) -- (03-27-06) -- This podcast features an interview with Dr. Denise Halfours, on her study of the relationship between sex, drugs, and depression. This 30-minute audio program can be enjoyed at any computer with Internet access, or can be downloaded to any personal digital listening device.

    Positive Youth Development for Children with Mental Health Problems -- (03-23-06) -- The authors of this study hypothesize that participation in structured youth development activities for children receiving public mental health services will be influenced by family resources and child and family functioning. Overall, children were more likely to engage in activities if their parents had higher education levels, and less likely if they had externalizing problems. Program and research recommendations are also discussed.

    A Family-Based Intervention for Preschoolers: Evaluating Sibling Outcomes -- (03-02-06) -- This research tested the hypothesis that a family-based group preventive intervention targeting high-risk preschoolers would also have positive outcomes for older siblings. In comparison to the control group, adolescent siblings in the intervention group had better outcomes, but no differences were found for school-age siblings. The authors make recommendations for future research.

    An Intervention Model for the Implementation of Evidence-Based Children's Mental Health Treatments -- (01-18-06) -- This article describes the application and evaluation of a community and organizational intervention model (ARC: Availability, Responsiveness, Continuity) in the context of a planned change to implement one evidence-based mental health treatment in a rural community. The results of this ongoing study will begin to address the need for more evidence on effective strategies to implement change in systems of care and children's mental health.

    Out-of-Home Treatment & Family Bonds: Parent Perspectives & Practice Standards -- (12-15-05) -- This article discusses data from a survey investigating parents' experiences of parent-child contact while children received out-of-home mental health treatment. Based on the research results, the authors recommend changes to reduce discrepancies between current practice, as reported by parents, and best practice, which recognizes the rights of families and is informed by decades of research on attachment theory.

    Culturally Competent Children's Mental Health Services: Advances & Challenges -- (12-05-05) -- Improving access to linguistically and culturally appropriate children's mental health services is increasingly pertinent as the population of the United States becomes more culturally diverse. This article discusses culture and development, disparities in children's mental health services, and cultural competence as applied to services and systems of care.

    Treating Explosive Kids: The Collaborative Problem Solving Approach - Workshop, Jan. 19, 2005 -- (11-28-05) -- A Professional Workshop by Dr. Ross Greene based on his New Book

    Neighborhood Residence and the Problems of School-Age Children -- (11-02-05) -- This article presents a multilevel longitudinal study of how neighborhood characteristics and social processes affect children’s developmental outcomes. The researchers found that concentrated disadvantage was associated with more mental health problems among children, and that collective efficacy mediated the effect of concentrated disadvantage.

    The Stigmatization of Mental Illness in Children and Families -- (10-21-05) -- Addressing the stigma that surrounds mental illness is an ongoing challenge. This article reviews theory and research on stigma and mental health, with a focus on the stigmatization of mental illness in the family. A future research agenda and recommendations for stigma reduction are also discussed.

    The Importance of Family Dinners II -- (09-16-05) -- How often a family eats dinner together is a powerful indicator of whether a teen is likely to smoke, drink or use drugs and whether the teen is likely to perform better academically, according to a new report from The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University and sponsored by TV Land and Nick at Nite’s Family Table. The study also reveals that teens and their parents wish they could have dinner together more often.

    Quality and Individualization in Wraparound Team Planning -- (08-24-05) -- This article presents the findings of a national study of 26 wraparound teams serving children with severe emotional and behavioral disorders. Analysis of data gathered at 72 wraparound teams meetings indicates considerable variation in the quality of planning processes across teams. The authors discuss systemic, organizational, team, and individual issues relevant to developing the effectiveness of wraparound teams.

    Diversity of Outcomes Among Adolescent Children of Mother's With Mental Illness -- (07-26-05) -- This research investigates mental health of adolescent children of mothers with a diagnosed mental illness. Five subgroups of youth are identified using cluster analysis of psychosocial outcomes. Increased understanding of outcome predictors may be valuable in designing services that are more family-focused and thus better positioned to address the complex needs of this group.

    Transition Services for Youth Receiving Child Mental Health Services -- (07-05-05) -- This article discusses national data from state-level child mental health administrators on the transition services available for youth receiving child mental health services. The authors conclude that the majority of youth do not receive the services required to support their transition to adulthood, and they recommend ways to address this important issue.

    Antidepressant Medication and Children: Tips for Parents -- (06-16-05) -- To help parents better understand and make decisions about the use of SSRI antidepressant medication for their children, the National Mental Health Association has prepared this fact sheet.

    Overscheduled Child -- (06-16-05) -- Does this sound like your family…Your children are involved in several activities outside school. Consequently, you and your spouse are spending a lot of time making sure everyone gets where he or she needs to be. Most days you and your children don't have any time to relax. These are just some of the signs that your family may be overscheduled.

    Identifying mental health problems in a diverse group of youth aged 11-17 years -- (06-13-05) -- In this article, the authors present the results of an investigation of systematic ethnocultural differences in caregivers' reports of their children's mental health problems. The results indicated significant differences in reporting rates among African American and Latino parents, in comparison to European American parents.

    Mental Illness Exacts Heavy Toll, Beginning in Youth -- (06-06-05) -- Researchers supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have found that half of all lifetime cases of mental illness begin by age 14, and that despite effective treatments, there are long delays — sometimes decades — between first onset of symptoms and when people seek and receive treatment. The study also reveals that an untreated mental disorder can lead to a more severe, more difficult to treat illness, and to the development of co-occurring mental illnesses.

    Domestic Violence and Children's Mental Health -- (04-29-05) -- This article discusses data, from 40,636 children, collected between 1990 and 1995 by the Illinois Coalition Against Domestic Violence. The results of the intake assessment indicate that children may experience a range of problems in emotional, social, educational, and physical health domains, and thus require access to a coordinated range of services if these needs are to be addressed.

    A Mind of Their Own: Children with Bipolar Disorder -- (04-20-05) -- Today, it's estimated that up to half a million children have bipolar illness, but the diagnosis remains controversial. A relatively small number of psychologists and psychiatrists treat the condition in young people. So how do parents, teachers, physicians recognize the brain disorder in a child, and then seek help? Here is a public radio story by American Public Media about children's mental health that explores the experience of children with, and parents of children with, bipolar disorder.

    Building on Caregiver Strengths -- (04-18-05) -- This article presents the results of a survey of caregivers of 258 children receiving mental health services for emotional and behavioral disorders. The authors discuss possible links between caregiver characteristics, such as coping style, and their children's care arrangements in the preceding 12 months.

    Tell children racial prejudice is wrong: They'll be less likely to be prejudiced -- (04-07-05) -- When children under 10 are aware of the social norms towards racial prejudice, they are much more likely to suppress any exhibition of racial prejudice in their social group, according to a new study published in the March/April 2005 issue of the journal Child Development.

    A Longitudinal Study of Young Children and Mental Health Care -- (04-04-05) -- This article presents research on parent reports of the need for mental health care and access to treatment for 316 children, identified as high-risk and studied over a six year period, up to the age of seven. Overall, the results indicated a high need for mental health services. There was evidence of group disparities in access to treatment for girls and for African-American children.

    Research Reveals That Eye Contact Triggers Threat Response in Autistic Children -- (03-07-05) -- The results of a new study provide additional insight into why autistic children avoid eye contact: they perceive faces as an uncomfortable threat, even if they are familiar.

    Family and Youth Use of Urban Mental Health Services -- (03-03-05) -- A significant proportion of families who are referred to children's mental health clinics do not subsequently access services even when they report that services are still required. This article presents research on 253 families with a scheduled appointment at an inner-city child mental health clinic, and examines some of the factors influencing service utilization and non-utilization.

    Kids With Dyslexia -- (02-24-05) -- Dyslexia, characterized by problems with learning to read, remembering what was read, spelling, and organizing thoughts, may be noticed as early as kindergarten or may never be diagnosed. Because it interferes with the ability to learn in school, dyslexia can be frustrating for both students and parents.

    Pervasive Developmental Disorders -- (02-24-05) -- It can be difficult to know at first if a child has a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD). PDDs are a wide spectrum of social and communication disorders, including autism, that can be complicated to diagnose. However, there are acknowledged criteria for determining if a child has a PDD and there are ways to help children with these disorders at an early age. Typically, the symptoms should be recognizable before a child is 3 years old. Although a toddler's behaviors might seem to fit the criteria, they also might just be part of a youngster's developing personality.

    Stigma and Mental Illness -- (02-14-05) -- This article reviews research on how the stigma associated with mental illness can impact families. The authors discuss some of the dilemmas of research in this field, the current state of knowledge about stigma and research-based evidence on the effectiveness of different strategies to reduce stigma.

    OJJDP Announces Availability of "Screening and Assessing Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders among Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Resource Guide for Practitioners" -- (02-07-05) -- The guide offers comprehensive, user-friendly information on instruments that can be used to screen and assess youth for mental health- and substance use-related disorders at various stages of the juvenile justice process. It includes profiles of more than 50 instruments, guidelines for selecting instruments, and best practice recommendations for diverse settings and situations.

    Staff Perspectives on Consultation and Integrated Mental Health Services in Early Childhood Settings -- (02-04-05) -- In this article, the researchers examine the relationship between integrated mental health consultation programs and provision of mental health services. Based on the interviews of Head Start staff, the authors found that programs with an integrated mental health consultation model were more likely to have a strong vision for mental health services, to describe promising mental health practices, and to perceive their mental health practices as effective.

    Building Healthy Relationships with your Child -- (02-04-05) -- Please join us for an insightful evening with Dr. Jodi Boerger, a Clinical Child Psychologist. She will discuss how parent-child relationships develop over time and how this impacts future relationships with others. Children's emotional development will be addressed followed by ways to manage your child's behavior.

    Star Collaborative Programs! -- (01-27-05) -- A compilation from the Annual Collaborative Report of some of the most successful services and programs being implemented by Family Services and Children's Mental Health Collaboratives in Minnesota.

    Experiences of Racism Among African American Parents and the Mental Health of Their Preschool-Aged Children -- (01-24-05) -- Study participants were African-American families living in Baltimore neighborhoods. Neighborhood variables included socioeconomic status (SES), proportion African American, crime density, social cohesion, and negative social climate. Family variables included SES, parental denial of racism, racism coping strategies, and child behavior problems. Child mental health status was assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist.

    Bit more attention reduces tension -- (01-10-05) -- From the Star Tribune: For the past two years, the counselors and support staff at Washington and two other middle schools in St. Paul -- Battle Creek and Hazel Park -- are pushing a new approach for some of the most challenging students in this most challenging age group. Using data to identify the students who get into the most trouble, counselors have started giving them extra time and attention.

    Blamed and Ashamed: The Treatment Experiences of Youth With Co-occurring Substance Abuse and Mental Health Disorders and Their Families -- (01-06-05) -- This report presents the findings of a 2-year project intended to document and summarize the experiences of youth with co-occurring mental health and substance abuse problems and their families. The purpose of this study was to formulate recommendations so that a national audience might learn from their experiences and improve services.

    Blueprint for Change: Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health -- (01-05-05) -- A report of the National Advisory Mental Health Council's Workgroup on child and adolescent mental health intervention development and deployment

    December - Re-engaging Students: Using a student's time off in ways that pay off! -- (12-02-04) -- By December, school staff and students know that for some students "it isn't working." Since giving up is no option, we need to focus on re-engagement. December is a time for mid-course corrections to turn this all around. A time to think how we might do things differently to get the results we want. Ideas for support staff and teachers on turning things around before winter break, enrichment opportunities during winter break, with plans on how to follow up immediately after students return to school as well as strategies for understanding why some students are not engaged in classroom learning, changes that might be made in the classroom, strategies for strengthening relationships, and more.

    Prevalence of Mental Disorders Among Children in the Juvenile Justice System -- (12-02-04) -- Although estimates of the percentage of youth with mental disorders in the juvenile justice system vary from study to study, a consistent picture is beginning to emerge. Despite differences in methodology and instrumentation, researchers from across the country are documenting high rates of mental disorder, including substance abuse disorders and multiple co-occurring diagnoses, among children incarcerated in juvenile facilities.

    Parents' Knowledge, Skills, Attitudes, Resources and Mental Health Service Self- Efficacy -- (11-23-04) -- This article reports the results of a secondary analysis of data from the Vanderbilt Family Empowerment project, conducted to examine the relationship between characteristics of individual caregivers (attitudes, knowledge, skills and resources) and mental health services self-efficacy (MHSE). One important finding of the study was that parents who perceived that their relationship with their child's provider was collaborative reported that they felt more efficacious in their child's treatment.

    Preparing Youth for Peer Pressure -- (11-04-04) -- Peer pressure—it's more than just a phase that young people go through. Whether it leads to pink hair or body piercing, peer pressure is a powerful reality and many adults do not realize its effects. It can be a negative force in the lives of children and adolescents, often resulting in their experimentation with tobacco, alcohol, and illegal drugs.

    Parent-School and Community Partnerships in Children's Mental Health -- (09-24-04) -- This paper reports a qualitative investigation of the networking experiences of parents and of representatives from schools, mental health and faith-based organizations involved in services for at-risk youth in an inner-city community. Barriers to partnership are discussed together with recommendations for successful networking strategies.

    Recognizing and Treating Attention Deficit Disorder -- (09-22-04) -- Kevin twists and fidgets as he tries to work on his homework. Unable to find his assignment sheet in his messy binder, he leaps up and begins to bounce off the sofa and chairs. His mother demands that he stop before he breaks something. He doesn't look at his mother, or even seem to hear her. Both Kevin and his mother are frustrated by this familiar battle. But Mom has another worry. Is her son just a very active boy or does he have attention deficit disorder (ADD)?

    Kids and antidepressants: The mix raises questions -- (09-16-04) -- A Food and Drug Administration advisory panel has recommended putting a "black box" warning on antidepressants to indicate they might raise the risk of suicidal behavior in children and teens.

    Incarceration of youth who are waiting for mental health services in the United States -- (08-17-04) -- This is the first national survey of youth with emotional and behavioral problems detained in secure juvenile detention centers solely because there are no inpatient, outpatient, residential, or specialized foster care services available to them.

    Children and War: How can we help? -- (06-11-04) -- International Center to Heal Our Children (ICHOC) created a fact sheet designed to help parents and teachers talk to children about war. In response to children's questions and fears about a current war, ICHOC has created a unique resource with frequently asked questions, warning signs and suggested coping mechanisms for kids.

    Parents of bipolar children praise FDA warning on antidepressants, suicidality -- (04-30-04) -- The Child and Adolescent Bipolar Foundation (CABF) today praised the Food and Drug Administration for issuing a Public Health Advisory stating the potential for increased risk of suicidal thoughts and actions from medications used to treat depression.

    Frequent TV watching shortens kids' attention spans -- (04-09-04) -- Psychologists and media experts are concerned, but not surprised, by a landmark study suggesting that frequent TV watching by infants and toddlers may shorten their attention span by age 7.

    Identifying and Treating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Resource for School and Home -- (03-29-04) -- We have all had one of these experiences at one time or another. Perhaps it was at the grocery store, watching frustrated parents call their children's names repeatedly and implore them to "put that down". Maybe it was a situation at school with a child who could not seem to sit still and was always in motion. Maybe we noticed a child who appears always to be daydreaming in class--the student who will not focus on an activity long enough to finish it. Possibly the child is bored with a task, seemingly as soon as it has begun, and wants to move on to something else. We all puzzle over these challenging behaviors.

    Youth Suicide Prevention School-Based Guide -- (03-12-04) -- The Youth Suicide Prevention School-Based Guide is designed to provide accurate, user-friendly information. First, checklists can be completed to help evaluate the adequacy of the schools' suicide prevention programs. Second, information is offered in a series of issue briefs corresponding to a specific checklist. Each brief offers a rationale for the importance of the specific topic together with a brief overview of the key points. The briefs also offer specific strategies that have proven to work in reducing the incidence of suicide, with reference that schools may then explore in greater detail. A resource section with helpful links is also included. The Guide will help to provide information to schools to assist them in the development of a framework to work in partnership with community resources and families.

    ADHD Awareness -- (02-26-04) -- According to the National Institute of Mental Health, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects 3 to 5 percent of children in the United States. At CIGNA Behavioral Health, this disorder ranked 5th most frequently sited reason for accessing benefits/services. CIGNA Behavioral Health's years of experience in assisting practitioners and families have shown us the importance of information, planning, resources and teamwork for the successful management of this illness. In an effort to provide these to the parents and families of children living with this disorder, CIGNA Behavioral Health has developed an educational or preventive health program for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. This program consists of tools for parents on understanding and managing ADHD and for providers on monitoring treatment progress, medication benefits and side effects and cultivating knowledge of ADHD.

    Barriers and Supports to Family Participation in Out-of-Home Treatment -- (12-10-03) -- Despite growing attention to the importance of family participation in children's mental health treatment, factors affecting participation are not fully understood. This article reports findings of a national survey of family caregivers' perceptions of their participation in their children's out-of-home treatment and the barriers and supports affecting their participation.

    Students With Chronic Illnesses: Guidance for Families, Schools, and Students -- (09-17-03) -- Chronic illnesses affect at least 10 to 15 percent of American children. Responding to the needs of students with chronic conditions, such as asthma, allergies, diabetes, and epilepsy (also known as seizure disorders), in the school setting requires a comprehensive, coordinated, and systematic approach.

    Resource Mapping and Management to Address Barriers to Learning: An Intervention for Systemic Change -- (04-23-03) -- SAMHSA and HRSA have posted a technical aid packet entitled: "Resource Mapping and Management to Address Barriers to Learning: An Intervention for Systemic Change"

    Tips for Teachers to Help Children: Worries About War -- (03-24-03) -- The Word and PDF versions of the brochure of Tips for Teachers to Help Children: Worries About War are ready for downloading.

    Additional resources for talking with children about the possibility of war -- (03-20-03) -- Another resource for information pertaining to talking to children about war is available on the Crisis Management Institute's website at: or through National Educational Service at (800) 733-6786 or -- traffic on both websites is expected to be extremely heavy.

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    Children's Mental Health - Anxiety Disorder

    Anxiety Disorders -- (06-16-05) -- An anxiety disorder is a mental health problem that can affect people of all ages, including children. In fact, anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental health disorder in children, affecting as many as ten percent of young people.

    Anxiety Disorders - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- All children feel anxious at times. Many young children, for example, show great distress when separated from their parents. Preschoolers are often frightened of strangers, thunderstorms, or the dark. These are normal and usually short-lived anxieties. But some children suffer from anxieties severe enough to interfere with the daily activities of childhood or adolescence.

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    Children's Mental Health - Asperger's Syndrome

    Asperger's Syndrome - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (04-09-04) -- Asperger's Syndrome, a subset of the autism spectrum disorders, was first identified in the 1940's. Before knowledge of the diagnosis was expanded, the term "high functioning autism" was usually used. An increasing number of children are now being identified with this disorder.

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    Children's Mental Health - Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) -- (06-16-05) -- Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common reasons children are referred for mental health services. It affects as many as one in every 20 children. Although boys are three to four times more likely than girls to experience ADHD, the disorder affects both boys and girls.

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- Children and teens with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be overactive and/or unable to pay attention and stay on task. They tend to be impulsive and accident-prone. They may answer questions before raising their hand, forget things, fidget, squirm, or talk too loud. On the other hand, some students with this disorder may be quiet and "spacey" - inattentive, forgetful, and easily distracted.

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    Children's Mental Health - Bipolar Disorder

    Bipolar Disorder (Manic-Depressive Illness) - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- Bipolar disorder, also known as Manic-Depressive Illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in a person's mood, energy, and ability to function. Different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through, the symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. They can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide.

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    Children's Mental Health - Conduct Disorder and Oppositional Disorder (CDOD)

    Conduct Disorder - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- Children and adolescents with conduct disorder are highly visible, demonstrating a complicated group of behavioral and emotional problems. Serious, repetitive, and persistent misbehavior is the essential feature of this disorder. These behaviors fall in four main groups: aggressive behavior toward people or animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules.

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    Children's Mental Health - Depression

    Depression - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- All children feel sad or blue at times, but feelings of sadness that persist for weeks or months may be a symptom of major depressive disorder or dysthymic disorder (chronic depression). These depressive disorders are more than "the blues"; they affect a young person's thoughts, feelings, behavior, and body, and can lead to school failure, alcohol or drug abuse, and even suicide. Depression is one of the most serious mental, emotional, and behavior disorders suffered by children and teens.

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    Children's Mental Health - Eating Disorders

    Eating Disorders - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- People with eating disorders experience serious disturbances in their food intake or overeating, as well as extreme concern about body shape or weight. Eating disorders usually develop during adolescence or early adulthood. Eating disorders are not due to weak willpower or bad behavior, rather, they are real, treatable illnesses. The two main types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

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    Children's Mental Health - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAS/FAE)

    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAS/FAE) - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is brain damage and physical birth defects caused by a woman drinking alcohol during pregnancy. FAS can include growth deficiencies, central nervous system dysfunction that may include low IQ or mental retardation, and abnormal facial features (for example, small eye openings, small upturned nose, thin upper lip, small lower jaw, low set ears, and an overall small head circumference). Children lacking the distinguishing facial features may be labeled with fetal alcohol effects (FAE).

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    Children's Mental Health - Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) has a neurobiological basis. This means it is a biological disease of the brain, just as diabetes is a biological disease of the pancreas. OCD is not caused by bad parenting, poverty, or other environmental factors.

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    Children's Mental Health - Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

    Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- Students with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) seem angry much of the time. They're quick to blame others for mistakes and act in negative, hostile, and vindictive ways. All students exhibit these behaviors at times, but in those with ODD, these behaviors occur more frequently than is typical in individuals of comparable age and level of development.

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    Children's Mental Health - Pervasive Development Disorders (PDD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders

    April is Autism Awareness Month -- (04-03-09) -- In order to increase public awareness about autism, the United States recognizes April as National Autism Awareness Month.

    Autism -- (06-16-05) -- Autism is one of the mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders that appears in early childhood. Autistic children may have a serious lifelong disability. However, with appropriate treatment and training, some autistic children can develop certain aspects of independence in their lives. Parents should support their autistic children in developing those skills that use their strengths so they will feel good about themselves.

    Pervasive Development Disorders (PDD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- PDD is an acronym for pervasive developmental disorders, which includes Rett's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and Asperger's syndrome. Another disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), also belongs to this category.

    Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- Children who are involved in or witness to a traumatic event that involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror are at risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The event is usually a situation where someone's life has been threatened or severe injury has occurred such as serious accidents, abuse, violence, or natural disasters. In some cases, the "event" may be a re-occurring trauma, such as continuing domestic violence.

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    Children's Mental Health - Reactive Attachment Disorder

    Reactive Attachment Disorder - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- The essential feature of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness with peers and adults in most contexts. RAD begins before age five and is associated with grossly inadequate or pathological care that disregards the child's basic emotional and physical needs. In some cases, it is associated with repeated changes of a primary caregiver.

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    Children's Mental Health - Schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- Schizophrenia is a medical illness that causes a person to think and act strangely. It is uncommon in young children - usually striking young people between the ages of 16 and 25. This disorder affects about one percent of the population. Schizophrenia can be difficult to recognize in its early phases.

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    Children's Mental Health - Suicide

    Characteristics of Juvenile Suicide in Confinement -- (02-11-09) -- This bulletin draws on data from the first national survey of suicides of youth in confinement, which was sponsored by OJJDP, to review juvenile suicides that occurred in confinement between 1995 and 1999. It describes the demographic characteristics and social history of the victims and examines the characteristics of the facilities in which the suicides occurred.

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    Children's Mental Health - Tourette's Disorder

    Tourette's Disorder - Children's Mental Health Fact Sheet for the Classroom -- (06-23-04) -- Tourette's disorder is a neurological disorder that has dramatic consequences for some 200,000 Americans and affects an approximate additional two million to some degree. Boys identified with Tourette's disorder outnumber girls three to one; the disorder affects all races and ethnic groups. Researchers have traced the condition to a single abnormal gene that predisposes the individual to abnormal production or function of dopamine and other neurotransmitters in the brain. Although Tourette's disorder is classified as a mental health disorder, it is usually treated by a neurologist as well as a psychiatrist.

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    Minnesota Department of Human Services releases 2002 Statewide Collaborative Summary Data -- (12-10-03) -- Report on Minnesota's Family Services and Children's Mental Health Collaboratives 2002

    Minnesota Department of Human Services releases 2002 Best Practices Collaboration Report -- (12-10-03) -- Collaborative Best Practices; Programs that Really Work (and Save Money)! from the 2002 Collaborative Report

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    Collaborative News

    OCS Year 2 Federal Site Visit Report -- (06-26-08) -- The Center for Mental Health Services child, Adolescent and Family Branch report of the federal site visit to Our Children Succeed Initiative in April of 2008.

    Spotlight on.. Fertile-Beltrami Public School District #599: "The Laptop High School" -- (10-01-07) -- The mission of the laptop program was to "level the playing field" for our students. As the need for technology skills increased, the faculty was finding that there was a larger and larger gap between the "have computers at home" students and the "have nots". The school district felt that it wanted to, not only help students, but also increase the technology exposure to the community by allowing students to have their laptops at home to share with family.

    Spotlight on... -- (10-01-07) -- "Spotlight on...." will focus on a particular service offered or special information about a partner within the Northwest Minnesota Council of Collaboratives.

    Photos from the 9/8/06 Governing Board Meeting -- (09-14-06) -- Attached are pictures from the Northwest Council of Collaboratives Governing Board Meeting held on Sept. 8th, 2006.

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    2007 Minnesota Student Survey -- (08-18-08) -- The Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) provides students, parents and their communities a dynamic vehicle for on-going communication about issues vital to the health, safety and academic success of youth. Some survey results and additional reports are available below.

    School and Parent Interaction by Household Language and Poverty Status: 2002-03 -- (09-27-06) -- Language minority parents may face a number of challenges when trying to communicate or become involved with their child's school. This Issue Brief describes school-to-home communication practices and opportunities for parent involvement at school as reported by parents of U.S. school-age students from primarily English- and primarily Spanish-speaking households during the 2002–03 school year.

    Public Elementary and Secondary Students, Staff, Schools, and School Districts: School Year 2003-04 -- (02-01-06) -- This report contains data from the Common Core of Data (CCD) non-fiscal 2003-04 state, local education agency, and school surveys. The report presents data about the students enrolled in public education, including the number of students by grade and the number receiving special education, migrant, or English language learner services. Some tables disaggregate the student data by racial/ethnic group or community characteristics such as rural - urban. The numbers and types of teachers, other education staff, schools, and local education agencies are also reported.

    Rates of Computer and Internet Use by Children in Nursery School and Students in Kindergarten Through Twelfth Grade: 2003 -- (02-01-06) -- This Issue Brief describes the percentage of students in grades 12 or below who used computers or the Internet in 2003. The Brief highlights the fact that computer and Internet use is commonplace and begins early. Even before kindergarten, a majority of children in nursery school use computers and, and 23 percent use the Internet.

    Digest of Education Statistics, 2004 -- (10-21-05) -- NCES has just released the Digest of Education Statistics, 2004. This publication provides a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of education from pre-kindergarten through graduate school. Topics in the Digest include: the number of schools and colleges; teachers; enrollments; graduates; educational attainment; finances; federal funds for education; employment and income of graduates; libraries; technology; and international comparisons.

    A Profile of the American High School Senior in 2004: A First Look. Initial Results From the First Follow-up of the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002) -- (10-10-05) -- This report presents initial findings from the first follow-up of the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002). ELS:2002 is the fourth major secondary school longitudinal study sponsored by NCES, closely reflecting the research purposes and design of its three predecessor studies, NLS-72, HS&B, and NELS:88. ELS:2002 began with a nationally representative sample of 10th-graders in 2002. In the first follow-up, this sophomore cohort was studied 2 years later (2004), and the sample freshened to provide a representative sample of 12th-graders. This ED TAB report summarizes the demographic and educational characteristics of the high school senior class of 2004. It also reports on the senior cohort’s mathematics achievement, their expectations for eventual educational attainment, the importance to them of various institutional characteristics in choosing a college, and their values and plans.

    Status and Trends in the Education of American Indians and Alaska Natives -- (08-25-05) -- This report examines both the current conditions and recent trends in the education of American Indians and Alaska Natives using statistical measures. It presents a selection of indicators that illustrate the educational achievement and attainment of American Indians and Alaska Natives. Over the past 20 years, American Indians/Alaska Natives have made gains in key education areas, such as increased educational attainment. However, gaps in academic performance between American Indian/ Alaska Native and White students remain.

    Youth Indicators, 2005: Trends in the Well-Being of American Youth -- (08-01-05) -- Youth Indicators contains statistics that address important aspects of the lives of youth, including family, schooling, work, community, and health. The report focuses on American youth and young adults 14 to 24 years old, and presents trends in various social contexts that may relate to youth education and learning.

    America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2005 -- (07-27-05) -- This biennial report to the Nation on the condition of children in America. Nine contextual measures describe the changing population, family, and environmental context in which children are living, and 25 indicators depict the well-being of children in the areas of economic security, health, behavior and social environment, and education.

    Forum Guide to Education Indicators -- (07-26-05) -- The Forum Guide to Education Indicators provides encyclopedia-type entries for 44 commonly used education indicators. Each indicator entry contains a definition, recommended uses, usage caveats and cautions, related policy questions, data element components, a formula, commonly reported subgroups, and display suggestions. The document will help readers better understand how to appropriately develop, apply, and interpret commonly used education indicators.

    Qualifications of Public Secondary School Biology Teachers, 1999-2000 -- (07-01-05) -- This Issue Brief describes the qualifications of public middle school and high school biology teachers in terms of the subject matter of their certifications and postsecondary majors and minors. Data are drawn from the 1999–2000 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). At the middle and high school level, 52 percent of biology students had a teacher with both certification in biology and a postsecondary major or minor in biology; 16 percent of biology students had a teacher with neither a certification nor a postsecondary major or minor in biology. Of those with a teacher lacking a certification or major or minor in biology, 40 percent of students had a teacher with a major or minor in another natural science. However, in schools with more than 50 percent of students qualifying for free or reduced-price lunch, 10 percent of biology students who had a teacher lacking certification or major or minor in biology had a teacher with a major or minor in another natural science. In those schools, 53 percent of biology students of teachers lacking a certification or major or minor in biology had a teacher with a major or minor in elementary education.

    Minnesota Homicides, 1985 to 1997 -- (06-30-05) -- This report presents findings on statewide, regional and local trends, demographics of offenders and victims involved in homicide, weapons used, the victim-offender relationship and the circumstance or event leading up to the commission of the offense.

    NAEP 1999 Long-Term Trend Technical Analysis Report: Three Decades of Student Performance -- (05-19-05) -- NCES has just released the 'NAEP 1999 Long-Term Trend Technical Analysis Report: Three Decades of Student Performance.' This technical report describes the design and implementation of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 1999 Long-Term Trend (LTT) Assessment.

    Staff in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2003, and Salaries of Full-Time Instructional Faculty, 2003-04 -- (05-18-05) -- This report presents information from the Winter 2003-04 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) web-based data collection. Tabulations represent data requested from all postsecondary institutions participating in Title IV federal student financial aid programs.

    Revenues and Expenditures by Public School Districts: School Year 2001-02 -- (04-14-05) -- This NCES publication contains data on revenues and expenditures per pupil made by school districts for school year 2001-02. Median per pupil revenue and expenditure data are reported by state, as well as values at the 5th and 95th percentiles. Data for charter schools are reported separately. There are also discussions on the different types of school districts, and other resources that may be helpful in analyzing school district level data.

    Minnesota's Child Welfare Report for 2003 -- (04-12-05) -- This report describes the state of children in Minnesota's child protection, out-of-home care and adoption systems in 2003. It provides an overview of how children in these systems are faring and presents information about Minnesota's performance on key child welfare indicators requested by state and federal governments.

    Census 2000 Data: General Demographic Characteristics -- (03-29-05) -- This PDF document contains information from the 2000 Census regarding general demographic data.

    Census 2000 Data: Population broken down by gender, race, and age -- (03-29-05) -- Contains data from the 2000 Census breaking down the population by gender, race, and age.

    Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G8 Countries: 2004 -- (02-24-05) -- This report shows how the U.S. education system compares to other major industrialized countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russian Federation, United Kingdom) in four areas: (1) the context of education; (2) preprimary and primary education; (3) secondary education; and (4) higher education. This report is an update of the 2002 G8 Report, and is part of a series to be published in alternate years.

    Forum Guide to Building a Culture of Data Quality--A School & District Resource -- (12-15-04) -- Quality data, like quality students, come from schools. Recently, there has been a growing awareness that effective teaching, efficient schools, and quality data are related. The quality of information used to develop an instructional plan, run a school, plan a budget, or place a student in a class depends upon the school data clerk, teacher, counselor, and/or school secretary who enter data into a computer. This document offers recommendations to staff in schools and school districts about best practices for data entry -- getting things right at the source.

    Data File: Longitudinal School District Fiscal-Nonfiscal File, Fiscal Years 1990 to 2000 -- (11-30-04) -- This documentation describes the creation of The NCES Longitudinal School District Fiscal-Nonfiscal (FNF) Database. The new database contains fiscal and nonfiscal district data for each year from 1989–90 to 1999–2000, for the universe of regular public elementary and secondary school districts.

    College Persistence on the Rise? Changes in 5-Year Degree Completion and Postsecondary Persistence Rates Between 1994 and 2000 -- (11-15-04) -- The study compares the degree completion and persistence rates between two cohorts—students who first enrolled in postsecondary education in academic year 1989–90 and their counterparts who first enrolled in 1995–96. The analysis focuses on the rates at which students in each cohort completed a degree within 5 years or were still enrolled at the end of 5 years. The study also examines changes in the students' demographic profile and other population characteristics.

    Educational Attainment of High School Dropouts 8 Years Later -- (11-08-04) -- This issue brief (PDF) examines the educational outcomes of students who were ever classified as high school dropouts by 8 years after when most of their 1988 cohort of 8th graders would have completed high school.

    America’s Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being 2004 -- (10-27-04) -- Presents statistics about children’s economic security, health, behavior, social environment, and education. The Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, comprising 20 federal agencies including OJJDP, produces this annual report, which offers the most recent available data from official sources in a nontechnical, user-friendly format.

    School District Contact Information -- (09-28-04) -- Contains contact information including district #, address and telephone number as well as a link to that school's website.

    Developments in School Finance: 2003 -- (09-20-04) -- This report contains papers presented at the 2003 annual National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Summer Data Conference. The scholars' papers address teacher turnover; financing urban schools; the costs of improving student performance; distinguishing good schools from bad in principle and practice; an evaluation of the efficacy of state adequacy and equity indicators; school finance reform in Vermont; and school accountability.

    Summer after Kindergarten: Children's Activities and Library Use by Socioeconomic Status, The -- (09-09-04) -- This Issue Brief provides a description of children's participation in various activities during the summer after kindergarten.

    English Language Learner Students in U.S. Public Schools: 1994 and 2000 -- (09-09-04) -- This Issue Brief examines growth in the population of English Language Learner (ELL) students in U.S. public schools between the 1994 and 2000 school years.

    Federal Support for Education: Fiscal Years 1980 to 2003 -- (08-26-04) -- This report provides a comprehensive picture of total federal financial support for education from fiscal year 1980 through fiscal year 2003.

    Education Statistics Quarterly-Vol. 5 Issue 4 -- (08-19-04) -- The Quarterly offers an accessible, convenient overview of all National Center of Education Statistics (NCES) products released in a given quarter.

    New 2003 data for Family Structure -- (08-17-04) -- Mothers and fathers both play important roles in the growth and development of children. After decades of decline, the percent of children under age 18 living with two parents stabilized in the late 1990s and early 2000s, standing at 68 percent in 2003.

    Public Access to Research Data through the Freedom of Information Act -- (07-28-04) -- The office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 has been revised to provide public access to research data through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) under some circumstances.

    Best Practices for Data Collectors and Data Providers -- (07-23-04) -- This report addresses the question: "What can be done to better coordinate data definitions and surveys on a national basis to achieve greater comparability and relieve institutional data burden?" The Better Coordination of Data Working Group, in consultation with representatives from various organizations that survey institutions of higher education, drafted a document identifying "best practices" for data collectors. The consensus was that further work, including the development of a "best practices for data providers," could be of substantial interest and usefulness.

    Decade of Data Reveals Steady Progress Made in Child Well-Being -- (04-29-04) -- Minnesota children are doing better overall than a decade ago according to an annual data book, "Minnesota Kids: A Closer Look," released today by the Children's Defense Fund (CDF) Minnesota. In areas where the state made significant progress - fewer teen girls becoming pregnant and fewer youth involved in serious crimes - there has been a strong show of public commitment.

    Minnesota County Map -- (03-22-04) -- Minnesota County Map

    County Population Totals -- (03-22-04) -- Population totals for the counties of Kittson, Marshall, Norman, Polk and Red Lake from the U.S. Census Bureau.

    Data on Minnesota's Childrens' Mental Health -- (02-02-04) -- Data on Minnesota's Children's Mental Health from the Children's Mental Health Partnership.

    National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Pregnancy and Substance Use -- (01-08-04) -- In 2002, 3 percent of pregnant women aged 15 to 44 used illicit drugs in the past month, 3 percent reported binge alcohol use, and 17 percent reported smoking cigarettes in the past month. Pregnant women aged 15 to 25 were more likely to use illicit drugs, binge drink, and smoke cigarettes in the past month than pregnant women aged 26 to 44. Among pregnant women 15 to 44, whites were more likely to have smoked cigarettes in the past month than blacks or Hispanics.

    National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Marijuana Use and Delinquent Behaviors among Youths -- (01-08-04) -- Research suggests that among youths, frequency of marijuana use is associated with problem behaviors, including delinquent behaviors. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), formerly the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), asks youths aged 12 to 17 to report how often they engaged in the following delinquent behaviors during the past year: (a) serious fighting at school or work, (b) taking part in a fight where a group where a group of friends fought against another group, (c) attacking someone with the intent to seriously hurt them, (d) stealing or trying to steal anything worth more than $50, (e) selling illegal drugs or (f) carrying a handgun. Youths also are asked whether they used marijuana or hashish during the past 12 months. Past year marijuana users are asked how many days they used marijuana or hashish during the past year.

    17 States See Rise in Alcohol-Related Traffic Deaths -- (12-30-03) -- A state-by-state report from the U.S. Department of Transportation's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) finds that alcohol-related traffic deaths decreased in 32 states that alcohol-related traffic deaths decreased in 32 states during the last five years, but increased in 17 others, according to a Dec. 18 press release.

    Nonfatal firearm crime rates have declined since 1994, reaching the lowest level ever recorded in 2002 -- (12-30-03) -- Data from the National Crime Victimization Survey on violent crimes including rape, robbery and aggravated assault.

    Number of Households in Minnesota Projected to Grow -- (12-15-03) -- Minnesota is expected to add more than 287,000 households between 2000 and 2010, according to a new report from the State Demographic Center, Minnesota Department of Administration. Over the 30-year span from 2000 to 2030, the state is projected to add more than 750,000 new households. About two-thirds of the added households will be in the Minneapolis-St. Paul Metropolitan Area.

    Out of Home Placement Chart -- (12-10-03) -- Total number of children (unduplicated count) from the child welfare, juvenile justice and mental health systems in out-of-home placements in Kittson, Marshall, Polk, Norman and Red Lake Counties 2001-2003.

    Child Welfare League of America - Minnesota's Children 2002 -- (10-31-03) -- State Fact Sheets on: Child Abuse and Neglect, Child Poverty and Income Support, Child Care, Health, and Family Support, Permanent Families for Children and Juvenile Violence and Detention

    Children in Minnesota -- (09-24-03) -- A child in Minnesota is abused or neglected every 45 minutes. A child in Minnesota is born into poverty every hour. A child in Minnesota dies before her first birthday every 23 hours. A child or teen in Minnesota is killed by gunfire every week. There are 1,286,894 children in Minnesota.

    Nation's Report Card: Parents' Guide to National Assessment of Educational Progress, The -- (06-12-03) -- This publication is one of a series of outreach brochures for various audiences. This brochure describes the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) to parents and provides them with contact information if they have further questions.

    Community Correlates of Rural Youth Violence -- (06-05-03) -- This 12-page Bulletin addresses the lack of knowledge of rural youth violence by applying social disorganization theory to community correlations of youth violence in non-metropolitan communities in Florida, Georgia, Nebraska and South Carolina. As reflected in the Bulletin, rates of youth violence are considerably higher in communities that have large percentages of children living in single-parent households, a high rate of population turnover, and significant ethnic diversity - whether in rural or urban settings.

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    Disaster Mental Health

    When Terrible Things Happen -- (03-23-09) -- Recognizing common reactions faced by survivors, and suggesting helpful and less helpful responses.

    Alcohol, Medication, And Drug Use After A Disaster -- (03-23-09) -- Helping people understand and manage their use of alcohol, prescription medications, or other drugs after a disaster.

    Coping with Your Emotions During Public Health Emergencies -- (03-23-09) -- Trifold brochure helping a person cope with anxiety during a public health emergency.

    Helping Families Deal With the Stress of Relocation After a Disaster -- (03-23-09) -- ATSDR fact sheet to help family members of different ages deal with the stress of relocation.

    Psychological First Aid (PFA) Field Operations Guide -- (10-03-06) -- The Psychological First Aid Field Operations Guide was developed by the National Center for PTSD and the National Child Traumatic Stress Network.

    Disaster Mental Health for States: Key Principles, Questions, and Issues -- (09-06-05) -- These materials represent highlights of the kinds of mental-health related information that might be beneficial in a disaster. Because of their brevity, they do not provide an exhaustive, formal review or compilation of the wealth of available knowledge on disaster mental health. This is a starting point. There are companion pieces that provide similar information for Responders and as a general primer. Sources of additional information are listed at the end of this document.

    Disaster Mental Health Primer: Key Principles, Issues, and Questions -- (09-06-05) -- These materials represent highlights of the kinds of mental-health related information that might be beneficial in a disaster. Because of their brevity, they do not provide an exhaustive, formal review or compilation of the wealth of available knowledge on disaster mental health. This is a starting point. There are companion pieces that provide similar information for city, county and state Public Health officials and as a general primer. Sources of additional information are listed at the end of this document.

    Disaster Mental Health for Responders: Key Principles, Issues and Questions -- (09-06-05) -- These materials represent highlights of the kinds of mental-health related information that might be beneficial in a disaster. Because of their brevity, they do not provide an exhaustive, formal review or compilation of the wealth of available knowledge on disaster mental health. This is a starting point. There are companion pieces that provide similar information for city, county and state Public Health officials and as a general primer. Sources of additional information are listed at the end of this document.

    Psychological First Aid: Helping Victims in the Immediate Aftermath of Disaster -- (09-06-05) -- As a healthcare provider, first responder, leader or manager of disaster operations, this fact sheet describes an evidence-informed approach for helping victims cope in the immediate aftermath or a disaster known as Psychological First Aid, and explains how to administer it.

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    Disaster Relief/Preparedness

    Evacuation Checklist -- (03-30-09) -- If you are evacuating your neighborhood or city because of flooding or other disasters, consider taking the following items. While preparing, make sure that your vehicle has a full tank of gas or arrange for other transportation. Listen to your local radio station for updates on evacuation and shelter information. Remember to notify an emergency contact about where you are going.

    Sexual Violence in Disasters: A planning guide for prevention and response -- (03-27-09) -- This guide offers readers important information about sexual violence and disasters that will help communities to understand the connection and develop better disaster responses.

    Disaster "Go Kit" for Team Responders -- (03-25-09) -- Important information for team responders including an information checklist, code of conduct, safety as well as a supply list and a sample packing list.

    Fact Sheets for Disasters -- (03-24-09) -- As the flood waters rise, and you are preparing your communities for flooding, we want to let you know about materials that are available from MDH regarding health threats.

    FEMA Responder Knowledge Base (RKB) Toll Free Number and Email address -- (09-16-08) -- You can call 1-877-FEMA-RKB (1-877-336-2752) for live help with questions regarding the RKB, equipment, standards, available grants and many other topics from 8am - 5pm EST, Monday through Friday. Similarly, questions may be emailed at anytime to and will be acknowledged within 24 hours.

    Addressing Emergency Psychological Needs During Traumatic Events -- (03-18-04) -- When people experience traumatic events, we address their physical and safety needs. ATSM offers "practical tools" for addressing the wide spectrum of traumatic experiences - from mild to the most severe.

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    Disaster Relief/Preparedness - Helping Adults Cope

    Emotional Health Issues for Victims -- (04-10-09) -- Emotional health issues for victims, from the American Red Cross.

    Warning Signs -- (04-10-09) -- Warning signs of trauma-related stress, from the American Psychological Association.

    Critical Incident -- (04-10-09) -- Critical incident stress information sheet, from Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health.

    Normalizing Emotions -- (04-10-09) -- You are not alone! Description of normal emotions following a disaster, from the American Red Cross.

    Reducing Building Safety Fears -- (04-10-09) -- Reducing fear about building safety, by Dan Friedman, American Society of Home Inspectors.

    Coping Suggestions -- (04-10-09) -- Coping suggestions, from Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health.

    Steps to Take -- (04-10-09) -- After a disaster: Steps you can take, from Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health.

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    Disaster Relief/Preparedness - Helping Families and Children Cope

    Helping Children After the Flood -- (03-23-09) -- Children react differently to a flood and its aftermath depending on their age, developmental level, and prior experiences.

    Helping Children Cope with the Aftermath of a Hurricane -- (09-13-05) -- This brochure can help you learn to recognize the effects of stress in children after a disaster, and offer some simple things you can do to help and begin a family journey towards healing.

    Understanding Child Traumatic Stress -- (03-23-05) -- We live with dangers every day. As children and adolescents grow up, they continually learn about different types of dangers. We are always looking for ways to make our lives safer. However, terrible things sometimes happen within and outside the family. They can happen suddenly without warning. Children may experience different traumas over the course of childhood and adolescence. Some traumas, such as child abuse or witnessing domestic violence, may happen repeatedly over a long period of time.

    Questions to Help Children Talk About a Disaster -- (03-23-05) -- Questions to Help Children Talk About a Disaster provides examples of "open-ended" questions to encourage children to talk about their feelings and experiences following a disaster.

    When Talking Doesn't Help: Other Ways to Help Children Express Their Feelings Following a Disaster -- (03-23-05) -- When Talking Doesn't Help: Other Ways to Help Children Express Their Feelings Following a Disaster provides ideas for helping children express themselves in ways other than talking to help them through the recovery process following a disaster.

    Recognizing and Dealing with Reactions to _________ Attacks -- (03-23-05) -- The recent ____________ attack have caused many of us to have reactions such as anxiety, fear, anger, and hyperviligance. While these reactions are to be expected and normal, the Virginia Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services offers the following information about typical reactions and ways to cope.

    Talking with School-Age Children about War and Terrorism -- (03-23-05) -- Talking with School-Age Children about War and Terrorism suggests that before talking with children, parents take time to think about the issue themselves and consider what it means to their family.

    How Families Can Help Children Cope with Fear and Anxiety -- (03-23-05) -- How Families Can Help Children Cope with Fear and Anxiety explains how families can help children who are dealing with responses to traumatic events.

    Helping Children Cope With Fear and Anxiety -- (03-23-05) -- Helping Children Cope With Fear and Anxiety provides a summary of ways to help children who are dealing with fear and anxiety.

    The Role of Culture in Helping Children Recover from a Disaster -- (03-23-05) -- The Role of Culture in Helping Children Recover from a Disaster offers words of advice and guidance for teachers helping children from diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds through the recovery process following a disaster.

    After a Disaster: A Guide for Parents and Teachers -- (03-23-05) -- After a Disaster: A Guide for Parents and Teachers explains how preschool age, early childhood, and adolescent children may respond to terrorist events. The link is intended for parents and teachers to be informed, recognize problems, and respond appropriately to the needs of children.

    Parent Guidelines for Talking with Young Children about War and Terrorism -- (03-22-05) -- Parent Guidelines for Talking with Young Children about War and Terrorism urges parents to give children more attention and patience. Realize that changes in how they behave may be signs that young children are concerned and need extra time, conversation and love.

    How to Help Children After a Disaster -- (03-22-05) -- # How To Help Children After a Disaster offers tips to parents on how to talk to children about terrorist events.

    Age-specific Interventions at Home for Children in Trauma: From Preschool to Adolescence -- (03-22-05) -- Age-specific Interventions at Home for Children in Trauma: From Preschool to Adolescence suggests activities arranged by age group to help children share recovery feelings and experiences at home. Includes activities for preschoolers, elementary age children, and pre-adolescents and adolescents.

    After Disaster: What Teens Can Do -- (03-22-05) -- After a Disaster: What Teens Can Do provides information for teens to help understand some of their reactions as well as others, to terrorist events. Suggestions are also provided to help ease the unfamiliar feelings related to the event.

    The Long-term Impact of a Traumatic Event: What to Expect in Your Personal, Family, Work, and Financial Life -- (03-22-05) -- The Long-term Impact of a Traumatic Event: What to Expect in Your Personal, Family, Work, and Financial Life cites examples of personal uncertainties, family relationship changes, work disruptions, and financial worries that may contribute to the long-term impact of a traumatic event. Also includes tips on how to survive the road to recovery from a traumatic event.

    Helping Families Cope with Disaster and Trauma -- (01-03-05) -- The impact of a disaster goes far beyond the immediate devastation caused by the initial destruction. Just as it takes years to reconstruct all the damaged buildings, it takes time to grieve and rebuild our lives.

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    Disaster Relief/Preparedness - Helping Professionals Cope

    Responder Self Care: Caring For Yourself in the Face of Difficult Work -- (03-23-09) -- Tips to help responders recognize stress and care for themselves while working on a traumatic event.

    Psychological First Aid for First Responders -- (03-23-09) -- SAMHSA tips for emergency and disaster response workers.

    Guide to Managing Stress in Crisis Response Professions -- (09-23-05) -- This guide provides a framework for stress management strategies for crisis response workers and managers. These strategies are sufficiently broad so that individuals and groups can select those that best fit their needs and circumstances. Education about stress and its prevention and mitigation through planning are essential.

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    Disaster Relief/Preparedness - Homelessness

    Education and Job Training Needs of Low-Income women in Massachusetts Fact Sheet -- (03-06-07) -- This fact sheet provides information from the Worcester Family Research Project concerning the educational and job training needs of low-income women. It presents data that highlight the important roles education and training play in families' efforts to become self-supporting and clearly demonstrates the need for increased educational and job training opportunities for recipients of income assistance in Massachusetts.

    Homeless Children: America's New Outcasts Fact Sheet -- (03-06-07) -- This fact sheet provides a condensed overview of selected information from Homeless Children: America’s New Outcasts. It covers topics such as the problem of family homelessness, the adverse effects of homelessness on children, and immediate action and long-term solutions to end homelessness.

    Research on Homeless and Low-Income Housed Families Fact Sheet -- (03-06-07) -- This fact sheet provides a general overview of information from the Worcester Family Research Project. It compares the characteristics of homeless and low-income housed women and their children, identifies risk and protective factors for family homelessness, describes the natural course and consequences of homeless and residential instability among low-income families, and examines the impact of homelessness and poverty on children.

    Violence in the Lives of Homeless Women -- (03-06-07) -- This fact sheet is an overview of information from a study on violence in the lives of homeless women conducted by the National Center on Family Homelessness. It provides critical insight into the prevalence of violence in the lives of homeless women and its impact on their physical and emotional well-being.

    America's Homeless Children Fact Sheet -- (03-05-07) -- This fact sheet provides information on the more than one million children who are homeless during a year’s time. It presents data that identify the causes of family homelessness and demonstrate both that homelessness hurts children and that homeless children are not receiving the services they need.

    Helping Homeless Children -- (03-07-06) -- Initially after Hurricane Katrina, the nation was focused on the basic issues affecting families displaced by storm, such as personal safety, food, and temporary shelter. However, now months after the disaster, many of these families still remain homeless. The strain of the situation not only weighs heavily on moms and dads as they scramble to find shelter, but on their children, as well. In light of this crisis, Lawrence E. Shapiro, Ph.D, created an activity book called “When Can We Go Home?” It features 13 activities designed to help children develop emotional intelligence skills can enhance their resiliency in any difficult situation. FREE download.

    McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act -- (10-03-05) -- This is a two page resource on the education rights of students in homeless situations. The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (Subtitle B—Education for Homeless Children and Youth), reauthorized in January 2002, ensures educational rights and protections for children and youth experiencing homelessness. This brief summary introduces the basic concepts in the legislation.

    Questions and Answers - NCLB Program Areas -- (09-07-05) -- Providing Services to Children and Youth in Homeless Situations As a Result of Hurricane Katrina

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    Disaster Relief/Preparedness - Infectious Disease/Pandemic Flu

    Planning for a Pandemic: An Interactive Pilot Session -- (09-13-07) -- This pilot workshop provided a Federal update on national pandemic preparedness, a snapshot of local school- and health-based efforts to engage in pandemic planning, and a practical opportunity to participate in a tabletop activity focused on pandemic preparedness.

    Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure -- (03-06-07) -- The Minnesota Department of Health led a tabletop exercise on January 29, 2007 to discuss the possible role of school closure in disease containment during an influenza pandemic. With these materials, you can recreate your own tabletop exercise to continue discussions with local government and schools.

    HSEM January 2007 Pandemic Planner Newsletter -- (01-08-07) -- The Pandemic Planner is an update covering statewide pandemic planning and program activities.

    Pandemic Planning Update III -- (12-11-06) -- Third report from Secretary Michael Leavitt covering Pandemic topics such as: Monitoring and Surveillance; Research; Vaccines and Vaccine Production Capacity; Antiviral Drugs; State and Local Preparedness; and Communications.

    Schools Respond to Infectious Disease -- (07-31-06) -- Latest Emergency Response and Crisis Management Technical Assistance Center's "ERCM Express" Newsletter: Every year, schools confront a range of infectious diseases such as chicken pox, lice, ringworm and seasonal influenza. In response, faculty and staff work together to control the outbreak, quell fears and dispel rumors.

    Pandemic Flu School Action Kit -- (07-06-06) -- Contra Costa County Health Services has developed a Pandemic Flu School Action Kit to supplement the CDC checklist.

    Child Care and Preschool Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist -- (05-15-06) -- Child care and preschool programs can help protect the health of their staff and the children and families they serve. Interruptions in child care services during an influenza (flu) pandemic may cause conflicts for working parents that could result in high absenteeism in workplaces. Some of that absenteeism could be expected to affect personnel and workplaces that are critical to the emergency response system. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) offer this checklist to help programs prepare for the effects of a flu pandemic. Many of these steps can also help in other types of emergencies.

    School District (K-12) Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist -- (05-15-06) -- Local educational agencies (LEAs) play an integral role in protecting the health and safety of their district's staff, students and their families. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have developed the following checklist to assist LEAs in developing and/or improving plans to prepare for and respond to an influenza pandemic.

    Business Pandemic Influenza Planning Checklist -- (04-20-06) -- In the event of pandemic influenza, businesses will play a key role in protecting employees' health and safety as well as limiting the negative impact to the economy and society. Planning for pandemic influenza is critical. To assist you in your efforts, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have developed the following checklist for large businesses. It identifies important, specific activities large businesses can do now to prepare, many of which will also help you in other emergencies.

    Bioterrorism/Emergency Readiness Competency Mapping Guide -- (05-02-05) -- The Bioterrorism/Emergency Readiness Mapping Guide was developed by staff at the University of Minnesota Center for Public Health Preparedness with partial support from a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A great number of training programs designed to help prepare the public health workforce for bioterrorism and emerging public health threats have been developed through the work of the CDC-sponsored Centers for Public Health Preparedness, state health departments and others. The intent of the process described in the guide is to assist individuals in determining which, if any, Bioterrorism/Emergency Readiness Competencies are addressed in a specific existing training. This guide is also intended to assist individuals in identifying the level of competency targeted in the training.

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    Disaster Relief/Preparedness - Natural Disasters

    Booklet: Help Children Cope After a Hurricane -- (10-13-08) -- The National Child Traumatic Stress Network released a new children's booklet to help children who have experienced previous hurricanes to cope with rainy windy days.

    New statewide trauma system to help ensure prompt care for seriously injured Minnesotans -- (07-31-06) -- Hospitals invited to apply for trauma designation

    SAMHSA News Highlights Hurricane Katrina Lessons, Preparedness Efforts -- (07-27-06) -- Lessons from Hurricane Katrina can help current national disaster preparedness efforts for mental health and substance abuse needs.

    HHS Announces New HIPAA Privacy Decision Tool for Emergency Preparedness Planning -- (07-05-06) -- The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) today published a new Web-based interactive decision tool designed to assist emergency preparedness and recovery planners in determining how to access and use health information about persons with disabilities consistent with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Privacy Rule.

    Health officials address health concerns in wake of Red River flooding -- (04-05-06) -- Residents in parts of northwestern Minnesota hit by flooding can take steps to safeguard their health.

    Winter Survival - An Educator's Reference Desk Lesson Plan -- (11-28-05) -- In this lesson plan the students will learn what to do when stranded in a car during the middle of winter. From this experience my students will also learn how to construct a winter survival kit for their parents car.

    Outdoor Action Guide to Hypothermia and Cold Weather Injuries -- (11-28-05) -- Traveling in cold weather conditions can be life threatening. The information provided here is designed for educational use only and is not a substitute for specific training or experience. Princeton University and the author assume no liability for any individual's use of or reliance upon any material contained or referenced herein. Medical research on hypothermia and cold injuries is always changing knowledge and treatment. When going into cold conditions it is your responsibility to learn the latest information. The material contained in this workshop may not be the most current.

    Hurricane Help for Schools -- (10-05-05) -- The U.S. Department of Education has set up a Web page – "Hurricane Help for Schools" – that will serve as a clearinghouse of resources for Americans who want to help the students displaced by the hurricane. This Web page is a forum where schools, companies and organizations across the country can come together and work to help students displaced by the hurricane. Companies and organizations can respond to the needs of students and send resources directly to them, and schools will be able to directly contact the companies and organizations offering help.

    SAMHSA Katrina Assistance Project -- (09-26-05) -- Hurricane Katrina has proven to be one of the worst natural disasters in American history. It has made a tremendous impact throughout the country, especially in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), is responding to mental health service needs in the hurricane-impacted area through its contractor, Westover Consultants, Inc. Westover is assisting SAMHSA by managing the staffing and deployment of mental health and substance abuse providers to the Gulf Coast region to deliver behavioral health services. This effort is being conducted in partnership with several national professional organizations that are identifying licensed mental health and substance abuse professionals who meet project criteria for possible deployment.

    Hurricane Katrina Evacuees Information Poster (customized by State) -- (09-26-05) -- This customizable PDF poster for Hurricane Katrina evacuees from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services prints 8 1/2 x 11 and is for your use or distribution. The poster includes national telephone numbers, and state-specific telephone numbers contained in the drop-down boxes.

    Tracking Clients, Services, and Expenditures for Hurricane Katrina Survivors -- (09-14-05) -- Many counties may be serving victims of Hurricane Katrina, beginning this week. While many details of this process have yet to be worked out, we do know that individuals and families receiving social services will need to be identified as Hurricane Katrina survivors and tracked for various reasons. In SSIS we are asking counties to identify clients and workgroups as Hurricane Katrina survivors, and we will set up a way to track both staff-provided and purchased service expenditures related to these clients. These changes will be implemented on September 16.

    Dealing with the Aftermath of Hurricane -- (09-13-05) -- This brochure can help you and your loved ones to recognize the effects of stress after a disaster, and offer some simple and safe things you can do to relieve stress and begin a journey towards healing.

    Connect for Kids: Online Resources for Helping Victims of Hurricane Katrina -- (09-09-05) -- In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Connect for Kids has pulled together online resources for helping those affected. We’ve divided them into three sections: Emergency Guidelines for Helping Victims looks at how government agencies are developing procedures for helping the displaced; Giving & Getting Help is a compilation of information on donating and volunteering, also on help available to those affected; and Help with Healing offers information on supporting kids and families dealing with trauma related to Katrina. We expect to update this resource frequently.

    Hurricane Katrina: Evacuees and Refugees Mental Health and Care -- (09-06-05) -- Mental health planning and care delivery to evacuees from Hurricane Katrina and other disasters requires a 1) public health approach for populations, 2) treatment delivery for expected normal rates of all psychiatric illness in the population, 3) care for trauma related disorders, 4) care for emerging disorders such as substance withdrawal and associated medical conditions with psychological consequences and perhaps most importantly, 5) community building. The relocation of hurricane survivors from the New Orleans Superdome to the Texas Astrodome following Katrina is a primary model for this plan. This evacuation will move as many as 20-25,000 people.

    Psychosocial Concerns after Hurricane Katrina - Tips for Medical Care Providers -- (09-06-05) -- Health care providers assume many roles in the midst of natural disasters: caregiver, leader, comforter, and information source. Hurricane Katrina has displaced thousands, destroyed countless homes and property, and claimed numerous lives. Although the hurricane's strength has dissipated, its aftermath will be felt for considerable time to come. As health care providers mobilize to help, they should be mindful of the losses experienced by the population they will assist. Interviewing with sensitivity is essential, and is the first step in assessing specific needs. This issue of Courage to Care provides information for health care providers after hurricanes and pays special attention to some of the issues for individuals providing support in the aftermath of Katrina.

    Hurricane Katrina: Sustaining Effectiveness in First Responders -- (09-06-05) -- First responders from these organizations must work together to help individuals in the aftermath of a disaster. This cooperation is often a community’s first step towards repair. By providing direction, protection, treatment, and security first responders help the affected population "rebuild community."

    Psychological First Aid: How You Can Support Well-Being in Disaster Victims -- (09-06-05) -- People often experience strong and unpleasant emotional and physical responses to disasters. Reactions may include combinations of confusion, fear, hopelessness, helplessness, sleeplessness, physical pain, anxiety, anger, grief, shock, aggressiveness, mistrustfulness, guilt, shame, shaken religious faith, and loss of con?dence in self or others. There is consensus among international disaster experts and researchers that psychological ?rst aid can help alleviate painful emotions and reduce further harm from initial reactions to disasters. Your actions and interactions with others can help provide psychosocial ?rst aid to people in distress. Psychological ?rst aid creates and sustains an environment of (1) safety, (2) calming, (3) connectedness to others, (4) self ef?cacy—or empowerment, and (5) hopefulness.

    Disaster Counseling -- (03-23-05) -- Disaster Counseling provides suggestions for disaster counselors on establishing rapport and active listening.

    Self-Care Tips for Emergency & Disaster Response Workers -- (03-23-05) -- Self-Care Tips for Emergency & Disaster Response Workers provides suggestions for those who are at the scene. It outlines facts, indicators of stress, and stress management strategies.

    Coping with Disasters -- (09-15-04) -- The National Mental Health Association has developed the Coping With Disaster fact sheet series to help you and your loved ones cope during crisis and loss.

    Coping with Tragedy: After a Hurricane -- (09-15-04) -- The National Mental Health Association has developed the Coping With Disaster fact sheet series to help you and your loved ones cope during crisis and loss.

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    Disaster Relief/Preparedness - Safer Schools

    Springtime Stressors for Students and Staff -- (04-21-09) -- Spring time is a marker not only for new beginnings, but also for tragic events. The tragedies of past school shootings and other community acts of violence along with the flooding in northern Minnesota and the continuing economic crisis have provided students, staff and their families with many springtime stressors. While some of these pressures are “new”, there are constant factors and pressures on students and staff face each spring. School personnel should review them and be aware because these stressors may contribute to increased threats of violence and behavior problems each spring.

    When Death Impacts Your School -- (10-03-05) -- Dealing with Grieving Students in Your Class: The following steps help support the grieving students as well as prepare your class for making the grieving student feel comfortable and supported.

    Bomb Threats in Schools -- (04-07-05) -- This COPS POP Guide addresses the problem of bomb threats in schools, public or private, kindergarten through 12th grade. It reviews the factors that increase the risk of bomb threats in schools, identifies a series of questions that might assist departments in analyzing their local problem, and reviews responses to the problem.

    Talking About the News -- (03-24-05) -- The news of the school shooting that happened today can be very scary for a lot of children. The challenge in helping them cope with today’s events is that it is also scary for many adults. Here are some pointers.

    When to Pay Attention -- (03-24-05) -- There are many resources that list the warning signs of potential violence. Though this information can be quite useful, it is important to note that no one behavior is a guaranteed indicator.

    School Safety: Three Steps to Make the Peace -- (03-24-05) -- The recent tragic school shooting reminds us of the important role each child and each adult has in maintaining the safety of a school. Here are three actions children, youth or adults can take to improve the safety of their learning community.

    Marking Disaster Anniversaries in the Classroom -- (03-23-05) -- Marking Disaster Anniversaries in the Classroom suggests activities for teachers to use with students of different grade levels to commemorate disaster anniversaries.

    Minnesota Department of Education: School Crisis Resources and Suggestions for Educators and Families/Parents -- (03-23-05) -- An 11-page document listing resources and suggestions to help students cope with a school crisis.

    Early Warning, Timely Response - A Guide for Safe Schools -- (03-23-05) -- This guide presents a brief summary of the research on violence prevention and intervention and crisis response in schools.

    How to Talk to Children about the _______ -- (03-22-05) -- Experts encourage parents and teachers to talk to children about their feelings about the recent _______. To help parents and teachers, the Virginia Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services offers the tips below.

    Help for Parents and Teachers to Recognize Children’s Reactions to the Recent ______Attacks -- (03-22-05) -- Children of all ages may experience a wide range of reactions to the recent ______ attacks, such as feeling frightened, confused, and insecure. Knowing the signs that are common at different ages can help parents and teachers to recognize problems and respond appropriately. To help parents and teachers, the Virginia Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services offers the tips below.

    Crisis Planning Tips for Schools -- (11-22-04) -- Individuals, community groups, and organizations that have designed and implemented effective school crisis plans offer tips for schools.

    Challenge Newsletter - Volume 13, Number 1 -- (11-22-04) -- The Challenge provides critical information and resources to assist schools in creating safe and healthy environments for young people.

    Study Reveals Need for Better Preparedness -- (11-22-04) -- Almost half of all American parents unaware of school emergency plans.

    Four Phases of Crisis Management -- (11-22-04) -- Prevention/Mitigation; Preparedness; Response; and Recovery

    Challenge Newsletter - Volume 12, Issue 1 -- (10-18-04) -- The latest issue of The Challenge newsletter is now available. Focusing on emergency response and crisis planning, this issue discusses ways that schools can strengthen their efforts to prepare for natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other unexpected tragedies.

    U.S. Dept of Education Releases Crisis Planning Guide -- (09-03-04) -- As part of its continuing efforts to help keep schools safe, the U.S. Department of Education recently released a new guide to assist schools in planning for any emergency, including natural disasters, violent incidents and terrorist acts.

    A Practical Guide for CRISIS RESPONSE IN OUR SCHOOLS -- (03-18-04) -- A Practical Guide for Crisis Response in Our Schools conveys critical information to assist schools in responding effectively to "everyday crises" as well as school-based disasters. It is an invaluable resource for administrators, support personnel and faculty. By reaching our school families early with a comprehensive Crisis Response Plan, we can potentially prevent the acute difficulties of today from becoming the chronic problems of tomorrow.

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    Disaster Relief/Preparedness - Terrorism/War

    Crisis Planning Tool Available For Mental Health Professionals -- (03-29-06) -- The Emergency Mental Health and Traumatic Stress Services Branch and the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) in the Office of Justice Programs (OJP), U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), recently produced a training manual to assist mental health providers in better serving victims of terrorism and mass violence. The primary goal of this manual is to enable mental health and crime victim service providers to help victims, survivors, and the community-at-large cope and recover through outreach and support. To further this goal, the manual includes a training course for providing mental health services in the wake of a disaster. Included are field and training resources such as handouts, overheads, and rapid field training Modules—including supplementary training for paraprofessionals.

    The Dialogue, Spring 2005 -- (05-09-05) -- The Dialogue is a quarterly information bulletin providing time-sensitive, practical, and down-to-earth information for State and Territory mental health and substance abuse coordinators and their local service providers.

    Stress Prevention and Management Approaches for Rescue Workers in the Aftermath of Terrorist Acts -- (03-23-05) -- Stress Prevention and Management Approaches for Rescue Workers in the Aftermath of Terrorist Acts suggests techniques that can be used by both organizations and individuals to minimize the effects of stress on rescue workers.

    Helping to Heal: A Training on Mental Health Response to Terrorism FIELD GUIDE -- (03-23-05) -- This field guide is part of a larger training kit that was developed to better prepare mental health professionals and paraprofessionals for the early phases of the response to a terrorist or mass trauma event.

    Helping to Heal: A Training on Mental Health Response to Terrorism MANUAL -- (03-22-05) -- This manual is part of a larger training kit that was developed to better prepare mental health professionals and paraprofessionals about the early phases of the response to a terrorist or mass trauma event. While much of the information may be applicable both to a terrorist event and to a natural disaster, this training kit is intended for use in preparation and response to an act of terrorism.

    Coping with Tragedy: The Anniversary of 9/11 -- (09-15-04) -- The National Mental Health Association has developed the Coping With Disaster fact sheet series to help you and your loved ones cope during crisis and loss.

    Coping with the Stress of Ongoing Military Operations -- (09-15-04) -- The National Mental Health Association has developed the Coping With Disaster fact sheet series to help you and your loved ones cope during crisis and loss.

    Coping with Terrorism -- (09-15-04) -- The National Mental Health Association has developed the Coping With Disaster fact sheet series to help you and your loved ones cope during crisis and loss.

    Coping with War -- (09-15-04) -- The National Mental Health Association has developed the Coping With Disaster fact sheet series to help you and your loved ones cope during crisis and loss.

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    Drugs and Alcohol Abuse Prevention

    Keeping Youth Drug Free -- (10-07-08) -- This guide is designed for parents and caregivers of children ages 7 to 13. It focuses on six key steps that parents or caregivers can take to help their children grow up drug-free: establish and maintain good communication with their child; get involved in their child’s life; make clear rules and enforce them with consistency and appropriate consequences; be a positive role model; teach their child to choose friends wisely; and monitor their child’s activities.

    Reclaiming Futures -- (08-11-08) -- Reclaiming Futures, an initiative of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, is now offering a series of reports focusing on helping youth caught in the cycle of drugs, alcohol and crime.

    Not in My House -- (06-30-08) -- The Partnership for a Drug-Free America (PDFA) has joined with the Abbott pharmaceutical firm to sponsor a new campaign against teen prescription-drug misuse.

    NAABT Patient/Physician Matching System -- (12-13-07) -- The National Alliance of Advocates for Buprenorphine Treatment has launched its National Patient/Physician Matching System to connect those addicted to opioids with doctors able to provide medical treatment with buprenorphine in the privacy of their office.

    Characteristics of Recent Adolescent Inhalant Initiates -- (03-15-07) -- The NSDUH Report: Patterns and Trends in Inhalant Use by Adolescent Males and Female, 2002-2005, a 3 page short report, based on SAMHSA's National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), provides trends in the use of specific inhalants among new users as well as the demographics on inhalant use among youth age 12 to 17.

    Minorities More Likely to Be Screened for Alcohol Use, Study Says -- (02-26-07) -- Hispanics and African-Americans rarely get superior healthcare compared to white Americans, but a new report finds one exception: primary-care physicians may be more willing to query minorities about their alcohol use than to counsel white patients.

    Treatment Admissions for Heroin and Cocaine Decreased in 2005, But Increased for Methamphetamine and Prescription Narcotic Pain Medication -- (02-22-07) -- The number of admissions to substance abuse treatment for cocaine and heroin abuse declined between 2004 and 2005, but the number of those seeking treatment for narcotic pain medication or methamphetamine/amphetamine increased sharply during that same time period.

    Number of New Methamphetamine Users Drops -- (02-13-07) -- time in the past year decreased significantly from 2004 to 2005.

    The NSDUH Report: Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders among American Indians and Alaska Natives -- (01-23-07) -- Data from SAMHSA's 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health were combined to calculate annual averages in order to make reliable estimates comparing substance use and substance use disorders by American Indians and Alaska Natives with substance use and substance disorders by the overall group of persons from other racial backgrounds.

    2006 Drug Czar Conference: A Reflection on Three and a Half Decades of National Drug Policy -- (12-06-06) -- On June 17th, 2006, the 35th anniversary of President Nixon’s appointment of the first White House Drug Czar, CESAR and the non-profit Institute for Behavior and Health sponsored a Drug Czar Conference at the University of Maryland.

    Use of Jimson Weed Peaks in Fall -- (11-07-06) -- Jimson weed, a common roadside plant that can be used as a hallucinogen, is now in bloom across the U.S., and local emergency rooms and poison-control centers are reaping an unwanted harvest.

    The American Legacy Foundation® and Mayo Clinic Announce Collaboration to Reduce Smoking Rates -- (11-05-06) -- Creators of Successful Youth Smoking Prevention Campaign truth® and World-Renowned Health Care Organization Join Forces to Help Smokers Quit

    Preventing Drug Use Among Children and Adolescents: A Research-Based Guide for Parents, Educators, and Community Leaders, Second Edition -- (10-26-06) -- This booklet presents the updated prevention principles, an overview of program planning, and critical first steps for those learning about prevention. Selected resources and references are also provided.

    The New DAWN Report: Emergency Department Visits Involving ADHD Stimulant Medications -- (09-23-06) -- SAMHSA's Office of Applied Studies (OAS) has just released the following report on the web, based on SAMHSA's Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN). National data are presented on the characteristics of the patient and the visit to the DAWN emergency departments who present with nonmedical use of stimulant medications used for the treatment of attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

    Brain Chemistry Related to Family Addiction Traits -- (09-11-06) -- It's well known that family members of alcoholics are more likely to have drinking problems themselves, but new research shows that brain-chemistry characteristics may provide high-risk family members with some protection from addiction.

    Alcohol and Drug Dependence Is Not a Mental Illness or Behavioral Disorder -- (09-11-06) -- This policy position paper from the Alcohol and Drug Problems Association of North America discusses alcohol and drug dependence as a primary disease entity distinct from mental disorders. The organizations position is that it should not be trivialized as a behavioral problem arising from personality disorders.

    DNA Damage from Smoking Causes Breast Cancer -- (08-31-06) -- Researchers say that cigarette smoke prevents breast cells from repairing their DNA, leading to cancer growth.

    Few Adolescents Get Treatment; Options Lacking -- (08-17-06) -- A lack of tailored treatment means that less than 10 percent of adolescents who need addiction treatment get help, and continuing care is even more lacking.

    Voluntary, Forced Treatment Equally Effective, NIDA Says -- (08-14-06) -- Men ordered into drug treatment by judges had as much success as those who entered treatment voluntarily.

    Mothball Abuse Comes Out of the Closet -- (07-31-06) -- Some teenagers are using mothballs to get high, a trend that may be underreported.

    Homeless Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment: 2004 -- (07-21-06) -- SAMHSA's Office of Applied Studies (OAS) has just released the following short report on the web, based on SAMHSA's Drug and Alcohol Services Information System (DASIS). It presents the latest available data from SAMHSA’s Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) on rates, demographics, and primary substance of abuse among substance abuse treatment admissions by housing status.

    Fentanyl Linked to Recent Clusters of Drug Overdoses and Deaths in U.S. -- (07-17-06) -- Illicitly manufactured fentanyl combined with heroin (and, to a lesser extent, cocaine) is believed to be the cause of a recent outbreak of overdoses and deaths reported in a number of East Coast and Midwest cities, including Delaware, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.

    Billion Tobacco Deaths Predicted for 21st Century -- (07-17-06) -- A billion people will die of tobacco-related illnesses during this century if current trends continue, according to officials from the World Health Organization (WHO).

    With Courts' Blessing and Federal Funds, School Drug Testing Grows -- (07-17-06) -- The Bush administration last year gave 373 public secondary schools funding for random student drug testing, up from 79 two years ago.

    Substance Use Treatment Need among Adolescents, 2003-2004 -- (07-10-06) -- SAMHSA's Office of Applied Studies (OAS) has just released a short report dealing with substance use treatment need and unmet needs among youth, based on data from the latest SAMHSA's National Survey on Drug Use & Health (NSDUH).

    Alcohol Use Among Low-Income Pregnant Latinas -- (06-27-06) -- Some research suggests that the prevalence of heavy drinking among Latinas of childbearing age may be increasing. This study examined the prevalence of and risk factors for alcohol consumption during pregnancy among 100 low-income pregnant Latinas.

    Alcohol Consumption Among Women Who Are Pregnant or Who Might Become Pregnant --- United States, 2002 -- (06-27-06) -- To determine the alcohol consumption patterns among all women of childbearing age, including those who are pregnant or might become pregnant, CDC analyzed data for women aged 18--44 years from the 2002 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey.

    Smashed: Story of a Drunken Girlhood -- (06-22-06) -- From earliest experimentation to habitual excess to full-blown abuse, twenty-four-year-old Koren Zailckas leads us through her experience of a terrifying trend among young girls, exploring how binge drinking becomes routine, how it becomes "the usual."

    Anatomy of a Binge: How Alcohol Affects your Brain -- (06-12-06) -- Here's what can happen in a "power hour" - that first hour of a 21st birthday celebration in which young adults try to consume 21 drinks between midnight and 1 a.m.

    Meth Crackdown May Have Triggered Rise in Addiction -- (05-26-06) -- Laws that succeeded in curbing homegrown methamphetamine labs also opened the door to imports of highly pure "ice," in turn triggering a rise in meth addiction and treatment admissions.

    Eye-Opening Drug Survey from Student Journalist -- (05-22-06) -- How easy is it for high-school students to get drugs, and how do they feel about drug use? The answers may depend upon who is asking.

    FAVOR Unveils Strategy for Recovery 'Messaging' -- (05-22-06) -- Recovery, not "addiction," should be the focus of discussions between people with alcohol and other drug problems and the media, lawmakers, and the public.

    Popular Prevention Programs Lack Nuance, Research -- (05-17-06) -- Many of the drug-prevention programs typically found in schools fail to jibe with the reality experienced by youth and are rarely supported by solid outcomes research.

    Teens Chew, Brew Morning Glory Seeds to Get High -- (05-04-06) -- Ingesting the seeds of the common morning glory plant can cause hallucinations, common knowledge in the 1960s that apparently is being relearned by a new generation of youth.

    Huffing Increases as Knowledge Declines -- (04-26-06) -- More kids are "huffing" household chemicals to get high, and fewer understand the risks of their behavior.

    Youth May Curtail Drug Dealing and Use in the AM on Nonschool Days -- (04-12-06) -- The time of day juveniles are most likely to be caught committing drug law violations depends on whether it is a school day.

    Ghostly Event Teaches Impact of Drunk Driving -- (04-12-06) -- Clinical nursing students at an Eastern Kentucky University public health class will be helping to implement the Ghost Out program to educate high school students on the dangers of impaired driving.

    Teens Have Tough Time Getting Treatment for Smoking -- (04-06-06) -- Many teens want to break their addiction to smoking, but few cessation programs are geared towards adolescents.

    Classroom Teach-Ins on Underage Drinking Target Pre-Teens -- (04-06-06) -- Alcohol is the most widely used substance of abuse among America's youth, exceeding both tobacco and illegal drugs. To stop underage drinking before it starts, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has teamed up with Scholastic, Inc., to educate students in fifth and sixth grades on the dangers of underage alcohol use. Teach-ins in over 1,000 schools across the nation will take place April 3-7, 2006.

    Brain Chemicals Trump Willpower in Addicts -- (04-06-06) -- Understanding brain chemistry, not building up willpower, is the key to preventing adolescent alcohol and other drug addiction.

    Nine Elements of Effective Alcohol Treatment for Adolescents -- (04-06-06) -- In evaluating a broad spectrum of treatment programs and approaches, researchers have identified common themes among the treatments that are most effective in helping teens. Drug Strategies, a Washington-based nonprofit research institute that promotes more effective approaches to the nation’s drug problems, found these key elements in an extensive review.

    Female Youths in U.S. More Likely Than Males to Initiate Alcohol, Cigarette, or Marijuana Use in 2004 -- (03-22-06) -- Girls ages 12 to 17 are more likely than their male counterparts to initiate alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana use.

    1.8 Million Youth Initiate Inhalant Abuse in Three Years -- (03-21-06) -- An average of 598,000 youth ages 12-17 initiated inhalant use in the past 12 months, based on data from 2002-2004. This is 1.8 million new initiates to inhalants in three years.

    Meth Measure Included in Patriot Act -- (03-09-06) -- A series of restrictions aimed at methamphetamine production were approved by the U.S. Senate as part of the renewal of the U.S. Patriot Act.

    Study Says More Seeking Meth Treatment -- (03-07-06) -- The number of people seeking treatment for methamphetamine addiction quadrupled between 1993 and 2003, according to a report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

    Female Drinkers Targeted by Alcohol Industry -- (03-07-06) -- Women worldwide are drinking more, and the alcohol industry is doing what it can to encourage the trend.

    How Does Alcohol Affect the World of a Child? -- (03-02-06) -- A statistical brochure for lay audiences that distills the most current research findings about early alcohol use and its effects.

    ONDCP Takes Drug-Testing Campaign on Road -- (02-28-06) -- Deputy U.S. drug czar Mary Ann Solberg traveled to San Diego to encourage schools to start randomly drug testing their students, but was met by opponents who called testing ineffective or worse.

    Prevention Group Focuses on Prescription Drugs, Testing -- (02-16-06) -- The drug-prevention group "notMYkid" plans to expand nationally with a program aimed at fighting prescription-drug abuse.

    Women Addicted Faster, Suffer More -- (02-11-06) -- Noting important gender differences in addiction, a new book says that women become dependent on alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs faster than men and suffer worse health effects as a result of their addictions.

    Peer Education and Juvenile Drug Court Help Youth in Michigan -- (02-11-06) -- A two-fold approach is helping prevent and treat substance use among young people in Northern Michigan.

    School Nurses Help Reduce Student Drug Use -- (02-11-06) -- School nurses in New York state are being encouraged to identify and intervene in cases of substance abuse among high school and college students.

    Suicide Brings Attention to Teen Prescription Drug Use -- (02-07-06) -- An Arlington, Mass., teen recently killed himself after using the antianxiety drug Klonapine to get high, focusing local attention on the growing trend toward abusing prescription medications.

    Alcohol Risk Factors Differ for Men and Women -- (02-02-06) -- Women and men appear to have different genetic and environmental risk factors for alcoholism.

    Alcohol Cancer Risk Often Overlooked -- (02-02-06) -- Most people associate cancer primarily with smoking, but alcohol use also is strongly associated with many cancers.

    Youth Drinking Rises in Hurricane Disaster Areas -- (01-25-06) -- Left without movie theaters, restaurants, and other forms of entertainment, youths from hurricane-ravaged areas of the Gulf Coast say that drinking has become more common.

    Meth Straining Emergency Rooms Nationally, Surveys Say -- (01-23-06) -- A pair of new surveys demonstrates the pernicious effect that methamphetamine abuse is having on hospital emergency rooms across the country.

    Black, White Youths Metabolize Nicotine Differently -- (01-21-06) -- Black adolescents take in far more nicotine with each cigarette they smoke than white youths, and also take longer to get the drug out of their system.

    Airsickness Drug Dramamine Used to Get High -- (01-19-06) -- Teens have increasingly turned to prescription and over-the-counter drugs to get a buzz, including taking high doses of the airsickness drug Dramamine.

    School Helps Parents Track Parties Via Internet -- (01-12-06) -- School officials in Arlington, Mass., are hoping an e-mail contact list will help parents keep track of student parties and head off underage drinking and other problems.

    Info on Secondhand Smoke Has Impact -- (01-11-06) -- Media coverage and advertising on secondhand smoke increase negative attitudes regarding indoor smoking.

    Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use Overview of Key Findings 2003 -- (01-09-06) -- This volume presents an overview of the key findings from the 2003 survey of 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students.

    Study: Many Violent Offenders Drank Before Crimes -- (01-07-06) -- More than half of the violent offenders studied by researchers in Sweden had consumed alcohol within 24 hours of committing the crimes that landed them in prison.

    Bad Drinking Habits Among Young Adults -- (01-07-06) -- Both college students and college-age youths not in school have similarly dangerous drinking habits.

    New Research Underscores Need to Reduce Youth Exposure to Alcohol Ads -- (01-04-06) -- A new study shows that seeing alcohol ads increases the likelihood of young people drinking and underscores the importance of reducing youth exposure to alcohol advertising.

    Study: Drug Dealing Not Limited to Bad Neighborhoods -- (12-30-05) -- Drug dealing can thrive in neighborhoods where a strong sense of community exists as well as in socially divided areas, according to a report from Great Britain.

    Alcohol's Role in Fall-Related Injuries in Younger and Older Adults -- (12-30-05) -- Falls can cause substantial morbidity and mortality. To study possible contributions of alcohol and benzodiazepines to falls in adults of all ages, investigators in Austria assessed use of these substances in 1611 injury patients seen in the emergency department of (and later admitted to) a trauma surgery hospital.

    Budget Cuts to Prevention Programs to Blame for Stalled Youth Smoking Declines -- (12-29-05) -- Declines in youth smoking rates have slowed or perhaps even stalled over the past two years, according to the 2005 Monitoring the Future Survey, and funding cuts to tobacco prevention programs are clearly to blame, stated the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids.

    2005 Monitoring The Future Survey Shows Continued Decline In Drug Use By Students -- (12-29-05) -- While the 2005 survey showed a general decline in drug use, there are still high rates of non-medical use of prescription medications. The MTF survey has measured drug, alcohol, and cigarette use and related attitudes among adolescents since 1975.

    House OKs Meth Bill; Measure Includes Treatment Component -- (12-29-05) -- A measure passed by the U.S. House of Representatives as part of the renewal of the Patriot Act would tighten controls on chemicals used to manufacture methamphetamine, toughen penalties on traffickers, and authorizes funding for drug courts and treatment for pregnant and parenting women.

    More Methamphetamine Users Addicted, Report Says -- (12-29-05) -- Methamphetamine use rates have not increased in recent years, but more meth users are dependent on the drug, according to research from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

    Parents' Anti-Drug Talk Called Effective -- (12-14-05) -- Parents who are intolerant of drug use and let their children know it are less likely to have kids who use drugs, according to researchers at Brigham Young University.

    Study Finds Alcohol Education Effective with Elderly -- (12-08-05) -- Senior citizens tended to reduce their drinking when provided educational information about the hazards of alcohol consumption, Reuters reported Dec. 2.

    Elders with Alcohol Dependence Receive Less Aftercare -- (12-08-05) -- Previous literature suggests that older patients with alcohol dependence respond as well as or better than younger patients to formal treatment. To contrast treatment outcomes between these groups, researchers studied a cohort of 1358 older and middle-aged patients who entered inpatient rehabilitation for alcohol dependence.

    Study Says More Teens Smoking Cigars -- (12-06-05) -- Both male and female adolescents are smoking more cigars, with some surveys finding that more teens reported smoking cigars than cigarettes, HealthDay News reported Nov. 28.

    Drinking Moms Pass Problem on to Teens -- (12-02-05) -- Women who drink regularly and are depressed are more likely to have teenagers with drinking problems, according to Australian researchers.

    Study: Lowering The Drinking Age Increases Car Crashes Among Youth -- (12-02-05) -- Lowering the drinking age causes a dramatic increase in alcohol-related car crashes among young people, according to a new study based on data from New Zealand, where the government dropped the drinking age to 18 six years ago.

    Risky Drinking Associated with Psychiatric Disorders -- (12-02-05) -- The association between risky drinking and medical consequences, such as hypertension, is well known. Less is known, however, about the relationship between risky drinking and psychiatric disorders. To explore this relationship, researchers assessed average alcohol consumption and psychiatric diagnoses in a population-based sample of 4,074 German adults. Analyses were cross-sectional and adjusted for age, sex, and unemployment.

    Bupropion Helps Meth Addicts, Study Finds -- (11-29-05) -- A small study by researchers at UCLA found that methamphetamine users given the antidepressant bupropion (Wellbutrin) reported fewer cravings for the stimulant, the Los Angeles Times reported Nov. 23.

    Pocket Breath Testers Criticized -- (11-29-05) -- Mothers Against Drunk Driving Canada and police say that pocket breathalyzers now on the market are potentially dangerous and could be inaccurate, the Canadian Press reported Nov. 27.

    Anti-meth campaign launched -- (11-28-05) -- A federal-private coalition launched an ad campaign in St. Cloud today against methamphetamine abuse. It is part of a nationwide effort.

    Crime follows as meth takes hold in Twin Cities -- (11-22-05) -- Once thought to be mostly a rural problem, methamphetamine is steadily spreading into suburban and urban reaches of the Twin Cities, where it is attracting rising numbers of teenage users and spawning crimes and other violence in its wake.

    Recovery Radio Show Available Nationwide -- (11-21-05) -- The nightly addiction-related talk show, "Recovery: Coast to Coast," features in-studio interviews as well as listener call-ins and testimonials from people in recovery.

    Australian Recovery Website Launched -- (11-21-05) -- A new government-sponsored website in Australia features inspirational stories of recovery from people formerly addicted to alcohol and other drugs.

    More People Being Treated for Drugs Other Than Alcohol -- (11-21-05) -- Substance abuse treatment clients are increasingly more likely to be treated for drugs other than alcohol , according to data from the National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), an annual survey of all public and private substance abuse treatment facilities in the United States.

    Rise in Oral Cancer Tied to Drinking -- (11-18-05) -- Oral-cancer rates in the U.K. have risen 25 percent over the past decade, and the group Cancer Research UK says that rising alcohol consumption is to blame.

    Teen Girls Use Steroids to Tone Up, Not Bulk Up -- (11-18-05) -- Up to 5 percent of middle-school girls and 7 percent of high-school girls say they have tried anabolic steroids, and experts believe that some girls use the drugs in hopes of toning their bodies, rather than adding on muscle like boys.

    Smoking Parents More than Double Risk of Kids Becoming Smokers -- (11-08-05) -- A study that looked at family influences on smoking found that 12-year-olds whose parents smoked were more than two times as likely to become smokers themselves by the time they hit age 21.

    Movies heavily shape teen smoking -- (11-08-05) -- Nearly 40 percent of U.S. adolescents who give cigarette smoking a try do so because they saw it in movies, a study said on Monday.

    Study: Kids Get Cigarettes from Friends and Family -- (11-08-05) -- A nationwide survey of students in grades eight through 12 finds that the majority of youngsters who smoke get their cigarettes from friends or family members, according to the American Cancer Society.

    Decline in Youth Smoking Flattens Out -- (11-08-05) -- The long-term trend toward less smoking by middle- and high-school youth may have plateaued, according to researchers with the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

    Marijuana and Academic Success -- (11-07-05) -- Marijuana is riskier than you think. It can limit your teen's achievement in the classroom, on standardized tests and in the future.

    How do we know we are making a difference? A community alcohol, tobacco, and drug indicators handbook -- (11-02-05) -- This is a guide to assist community leaders in using indicator reporting programs to identify their most important local substance use problems, focus their community prevention and treatment strategies, and measure the results of new policies and programs.

    Cocaine Most Widely Used Illicit Stimulant; Methamphetamine Use Varies -- (09-28-05) -- The Community Epidemiology Work Group (CEWG) is a network of epidemiologists and researchers from 21 U.S. areas that meets twice a year to discuss current and emerging substance abuse problems. The 57th meeting, held in California this past January, focused on stimulant abuse, particularly of methamphetamine and cocaine.

    Study: Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Slows Cognitive Function -- (08-18-05) -- Children who were exposed to alcohol in utero perform simple cognitive tests adequately, but fall short of their peers on more complex tasks, researchers say.

    Meth Use Triples HIV Risk -- (08-18-05) -- "Crystal meth use is the newest and most important threat to the HIV epidemic in the United States," said Dr. James Dilley, director of the University of California San Francisco AIDS Health Project, releasing a report showing that meth users are three times more likely to contract HIV than nonusers.

    Counties Want Federal Help Against Meth -- (08-18-05) -- A group representing counties across the U.S. says that the federal government should be spending more time and effort addressing methamphetamine abuse.

    NCAA Recruiting Young Audience for Beer Ads -- (08-03-05) -- CSPI says alcohol advertising incompatible with outreach efforts that target kids as young as 6 The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is actively building brand loyalty among young people in order to get them interested in sports and to boost the attractiveness of NCAA telecasts to advertisers. But those recruitment efforts may deliver more and more young viewers to Anheuser-Busch and other beer marketers which advertise heavily on college sports. In a report released today, the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), which has been waging a Campaign for Alcohol-Free Sports TV, said the NCAA’s otherwise-admirable youth outreach efforts should continue, but the beer ads on its telecasts should not.

    Youths' Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Messages, 2003 -- (08-02-05) -- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) released data showing that youth who reported seeing or hearing media messages on preventing drug and alcohol use are significantly less likely to report substance use.

    Single prenatal dose of meth causes birth defects -- (08-01-05) -- A single prenatal dose of methamphetamine - commonly known as speed - may be enough to cause long-term neurodevelopmental problems in babies, say University of Toronto researchers.

    New NIAAA Practitioner's Guide for Helping Patients Who Drink Too Much -- (08-01-05) -- The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has released a new guide to help health care practitioners identify and care for patients who drink heavily or have alcohol use disorders. Primary care and mental health clinicians will find research-based information on alcohol screening and brief intervention.

    Age at First Use of Marijuana and Past Year Serious Mental Illness -- (07-18-05) -- Based on SAMHSA's 2002 and 2003 National Surveys on Drug Use & Health (NSDUH), an estimated 90.8 million adults (42.9%) aged 18 or older had used marijuana at least once in their lifetime. Among lifetime marijuana users aged 18 or older, 2.1% reported that they first used marijuana before age 12; 52.7% reported first marijuana use between ages 12 and 17, and 45.2% reported first marijuana use at age 18 or older. About 12.5 % of persons aged 18 or older who reported lifetime marijuana use were classified as having a serious mental illness (SMI) in the past year. Adults who first used marijuana before age 12 (21%) were twice as likely as adults who first used marijuana at age 18 or older (10.5%) to be classified as having a serious mental illness in the past year.

    McGruff Comic/Activity Book - Winners Don't Use Drugs -- (07-14-05) -- This FREE McGruff comic activity book presents stories about why kids might try drugs, developed using real life kids’ opinions. The stories and added activities emphasize keeping children from using drugs. The book includes a special pullout section for parents. 6/1/2005

    Bracelet Squeals On Drinkers -- (07-11-05) -- It might be the least desirable personal accessory in Milwaukee. Under the auspices of the court system, a high-tech ankle bracelet worn by 15 people has freed them to walk any street in town but forbidden them to hoist the very product that made the city famous.

    Nearly 60 Percent of Counties Report Meth as Largest Drug Problem -- (07-07-05) -- Nearly 60 percent of county officials reported that methamphetamine is the largest drug problem in their county according to a new survey released today by the National Association of Counties (NACo). The survey, "The Criminal Effect of Meth on Communities," was designed to determine the impact of meth on county law enforcement agencies. NACo released an additional survey, "The Impact of Meth on Children."

    Meth crises creates generation of lost, neglected children -- (07-07-05) -- According to the Drug Enforcement Agency, in 2004 children were present at 20 percent of all meth lab busts. However law enforcement officials note that the number of children affected is probably much higher because although there may not be children present at the time of the bust, there is often evidence -- clothes, toys, baby bottles -- that a child lives in the home where meth is being cooked. Because of the toxic dangers surrounding meth labs counties have had to come up with new ways to deal with the children they find in these places.

    Coors, Ex-Pros Tackle Underage Drinking -- (07-06-05) -- Coors Brewing Co. will launch a sports-themed educational campaign today aimed at preventing underage drinking.

    Asset-building tips for dealing with substance use and abuse -- (07-06-05) -- You may find it hard to believe that your teen would ever drink alcohol or use other drugs. Or if you grew up in the 60s and 70s, you may feel hypocritical telling your daughter or son not to do things you did yourself at that age. The topic can be upsetting and emotionally charged, but by avoiding a discussion about it, you do your teen a disservice. Your son or daughter needs a great deal of guidance and support to make wise choices.

    Suspect Your Teen is Using Drugs or Drinking?: A Brief Guide to Action for Parents (Early Intervention Parent brochure) -- (06-20-05) -- This booklet offers parents information about talking to their teens about drug use and the steps to take to do so.

    Hitting Teens' Drinking Hot Spots -- (06-20-05) -- BELLMORE, NY - Our group of 25 adults ran into a half-dozen Calhoun students guzzling ethanol in a state-owned forest behind the Brookside School last Saturday evening.

    Wake Up to the Risks of Marijuana: A Guide for Parents -- (06-20-05) -- This brochure outlines the facts of using marijuana and offers tips on what parents can do to keep their children from using marijuana. It also includes parent responses to clear up false information about the drug.

    Keeping Your Kids Drug Free: A How-to Guide for Parents and Caregivers -- (06-20-05) -- This booklet provides ideas and examples of the skills busy parents can use to keep their children off drugs. It details the challenges parents face, how to influence children’s behavior, how to keep children away from drugs, what to say and when to say it, and how to get others to help.

    Adolescent Cigarette Smoking: A Longitudinal Analysis Through Young Adulthood -- (06-03-05) -- NCES has just released the report that (1) identifies the incidence of daily smoking at several time points during the adolescent and young adult years, including the prevalence of new daily smokers relative to repeat daily smokers; (2) identifies several specific developmental patterns of smoking; and (3) examines the specific developmental patterns of smoking in relation to various descriptive characteristics.

    "Huffing" Can Kill Your Child -- (06-01-05) -- Abuse of inhalants by middle school children has increased by up to 44 percent over a two-year period, according to a new data analysis conducted by the Partnership for a Drug-Free America.

    Alcohol Merchandise Encourages Underage Drinking -- (05-18-05) -- Adolescents who collect and brandish promotional hats, shirts, bags and other merchandise displaying popular alcohol logos are far more likely to start drinking while still underage, according to a new study.

    A Prescription for Danger—Use of Painkillers on the Rise -- (05-16-05) -- This article provides information and resources to help adults deal with the latest threat in teen drug abuse-prescription pain medicine. Commonly used prescription drugs and their effects are discussed.

    Legal but Lethal: The Danger of Abusing Over-the-Counter Drugs -- (05-16-05) -- A growing number of youth are abusing over-the-counter products like cold medicine. This article talks about the health risks associated with such abuse and what parents can do to keep children safe.

    How Do Kids Get Prescription Drugs? -- (05-16-05) -- How do youth get prescription drugs illegally? What can adults do to limit this access? This article provides some answers for parents and caregivers.

    Raising kids who don't smoke (Volume 1: Issue 1) -- (04-25-05) -- This brochure—the first in the series—was created to provide parents a resource with tips, tools, and information to help make conversations with their kids about not smoking easier and more effective. English and Spanish version.

    Peer pressure & smoking (Volume 1: Issue 2) -- (04-25-05) -- Studies show that kids who have friends that smoke are 9 times more likely to smoke than those kids who do not have any friends that smoke.This brochure was created to offer parents information and tips to help their kids resist peer pressure to smoke.

    High Schools to Test Students for Alcohol -- (04-22-05) -- It was getting so few teachers at Westwood High School in suburban Boston wanted to chaperone school dances. There were drunken quarrels and dramas. At one school event, a student was rushed to the hospital with alcohol poisoning.

    Alcohol-Awareness Program Staged at Durham High -- (04-18-05) -- The event was Durham's rendition of Every 15 Minutes, a program produced at schools across the nation to try to keep teenagers from driving drunk. The program's name alludes to the statistic that someone in the United States dies every 15 minutes from an alcohol-related traffic accident.

    Facts About Youth and Drinking -- (04-11-05) -- Approximately 11 million American youth under the age of 21 drink alcohol. Nearly half of them drink to excess, consuming five or more drinks in a row, one or more times in a two week period.

    Alcohol: What You Don't Know Can Harm You -- (04-05-05) -- If you are like many Americans, you may drink alcohol occasionally. Or, like others, you may drink moderate amounts of alcohol on a more regular basis. If you are a woman or someone over the age of 65, this means you have no more than one drink per day; if you are a man, this means you have no more than two drinks per day. Drinking at these levels usually is not associated with health risks and may help prevent certain forms of heart disease. But did you know that even moderate drinking, under certain circumstances, can be risky? If you drink at more than moderate levels, you may be putting yourself at risk for serious problems with your health as well as problems with family, friends, and coworkers. This booklet explains some of the problems that can be caused by drinking that you may not have considered.

    Alcohol Treatment and Adolescents -- (04-05-05) -- Alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence are not only adult problems--they also affect a significant number of adolescents and young adults between the ages of 12 and 20, even though drinking under the age of 21 is illegal in every State. Alcohol use for some adolescents can lead to an abusive and addictive pattern that requires intervention. Diagnosis and treatment of alcohol abuse and dependence are more important because alcohol-related problems can have an enormous impact on the adolescent's future.

    It's Not Your Fault -- (04-05-05) -- Are you worried that your Mom or Dad drinks too much or uses drugs? You are right to be concerned about their safety and health, about what will happen to you, about their embarrassing you or criticizing you unfairly, about breaking promises, about driving under the influence, and about lots of other things that create unpredictability and confusion. While you cannot stop your parent from drinking or using drugs, you can take steps to make things better for yourself.

    The Role of Parents in Preventing and Addressing Underage Drinking -- (04-05-05) -- During adolescence, young people begin to take risks and test limits. They do so because they are moving from a family-centered world to the larger community, within which they will begin to define their own identity. It is also during this time that parents have an especially important role in preventing and addressing underage drinking.

    Prosecuting Parents for Underage Drinking -- (03-30-05) -- This article examines parental responsibility for underage drinking—specifically, the new social host liability laws that may hold parents responsible if underage drinking takes place anywhere on their property.

    While Steroids Gain Headlines, Alcohol Remains True Crisis -- (03-18-05) -- As the controversy over steroid use by professional athletes garners attention within the halls of Congress and captures headlines across America, San Francisco Chronicle columnist Joan Ryan cuts right to the heart of the matter in her article, March 17, "Steroids? Alcohol is a Real Problem."

    Place: A Front Line in the Battle Against Underage Drinking -- (03-09-05) -- Savvy businesses focus on what is called the "four P's" of marketing: Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. The better the four P's work together, the better their product will sell. This same formula provides a framework for understanding how alcohol can be made less attractive and available to underage drinkers.

    More Seek Help for Marijuana Addiction -- (03-07-05) -- From the Star Tribune: Treatment rates for marijuana nearly tripled between 1992 and 2002, the government says, attributing the increase to greater use and potency.

    More and More Children Falling Victim to Meth -- (02-24-05) -- When an Indiana girl was killed, allegedly because she had seen people cooking methamphetamines, it reinforced the image of meth users as a menace, but law enforcement and child services professionals say there are more insidious and more pervasive threats to children from the drug.

    Just One Cigarette Can Have a Domino Effect for Youngsters -- (02-15-05) -- "Don't even try it once" is the message coming from a study on childhood smoking reported in the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. Following a group of six hundred children over nine years, researchers found that those who admitted to having smoked one cigarette by the time they were in fifth grade were more than twice as likely to be regular smokers by age 17 than those who never smoked. Those who said they'd smoked between two and four cigarettes by grade five were three times more likely to be daily smokers later in life.

    Marijuana affects blood vessels -- (02-08-05) -- Marijuana has a long-term effect on blood flow to the brain, potentially increasing the risk of memory damage and stroke, research finds.

    National Review of State Alcohol and Drug Treatment Programs and Certification Standards -- (01-27-05) -- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA) today announced the availability of A National Review of State Alcohol and Drug Treatment Programs and Certification Standards for Substance Abuse Counselors and Prevention Professionals. The publication contains a national overview of state-by-state information on licensing, certification, and credentialing standards for alcohol and drug treatment facilities, programs, counselors and prevention professionals.

    'Meth mouth' plagues many state prisoners -- (01-06-05) -- Article in the Star Tribune that discusses the affect of meth use on a person's mouth. (Tooth loss, decay)

    Brief Encounters Can Provide Motivation To Reduce or Stop Drug Abuse -- (01-05-05) -- New research supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health, shows that meeting with an addiction peer counselor just once at the time of a routine doctor visit with a followup booster phone call can motivate abusers of cocaine and heroin to reduce their drug use.

    Teens and Meth: A parents' survival guide -- (01-04-05) -- A free Extension fact sheet on Teens and Meth, written by Family Relations Educator Ellie McCann, is now available to download. Methamphetamine use typically starts during the teen years. In 2002, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reported that more than 12 million people age 12 and older reported that they had used methamphetamine at least once in their lifetime. Parents have a critical role in communicating with their teen about the use of meth.

    NIDA Study Offers New Clues about Connection between Cocaine Abuse, Thinking, and Decision-Making -- (11-17-04) -- New research, funded in part by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health, shows that chronic cocaine abuse is directly related to dysfunction in areas of the brain involved in higher thought and decision-making.

    NIAAA Releases New Alcohol Prevention Website for Middle Schoolers -- (11-17-04) -- The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has released a new version of The Cool Spot, the institute's website for middle school (11- to 13-year-old) children.

    NIDA Joins Forces With Perlegen To Research Nicotine Addiction -- (11-17-04) -- The National Institute on Drug Abuse, a component of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, has awarded a $2.1 million contract to Perlegen Sciences, Inc., to investigate the human genome for DNA variations and candidate genes associated with nicotine addiction.

    Red Ribbon Week - October 23-31 -- (10-11-04) -- The Red Ribbon Campaign was started when drug traffickers in Mexico City murdered Kiki Camarena, a DEA agent, in 1985. This began the continuing tradition of wearing and displaying red ribbons as a symbol of intolerance towards the use of drugs. The mission of the Red Ribbon Campaign is to present a unified and visible commitment toward the creation of a DRUG-FREE AMERICA.

    National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month Kit -- (09-23-04) -- This year's Recovery Month materials focus on improving access to recovery among the large number of Americans who have difficulty obtaining treatment for alcohol or drug use disorders.

    Making Friends in Middle School -- (09-22-04) -- Making good grades probably tops your list of goals for your middle school student, but making friends is also important. Middle school marks a new chapter in your child’s life. She’s moving away from childhood and into the beginning of adolescence. Your middle schooler’s friends will help shape many of her values and actions—including what she thinks about alcohol and whether she drinks before her 21st birthday.

    Key Strategies for Violence and Substance Abuse Prevention II: Working with the Classroom and the School Environment -- (09-14-04) -- The school's contribution to solving the problems of substance abuse and violence among youth lie in comprehensive approaches. Schools must implement substance abuse and violence prevention programs in the classroom. They also need to create a positive school climate by building the school's capacity to manage itself and plan for change in a democratic and collaborative fashion; create and enforce prevention policies; communicate norms inconsistent with violence, disruptive behavior, and substance abuse; and enhance classroom climate through improved instructional and management approaches. This discussion explores these strategies.

    Key Strategies for Violence and Substance Abuse Prevention III: Working in the Community -- (09-14-04) -- The nature of the community in which youth live – and their relationship to this community – can have a profound effect on whether they become involved in substance abuse and violence. Prevention activities carried out in these communities can help ensure that the community is a positive influence that helps youth resist pressures toward risk behaviors. This publication describes some key strategies that communities can use to prevent substance abuse and violence among youth.

    Key Strategies for Violence and Substance Abuse Prevention I: Working with Children and Families -- (09-14-04) -- Children are influenced by their families, their schools, their neighborhoods, and popular culture –especially the media. Efforts to prevent substance abuse and violence are more effective when they incorporate strategies targeting all these influences. This publication highlights key prevention strategies that target children and their families.

    Schools & the Community Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drug Environment: Opportunities for Prevention -- (09-03-04) -- The Center for Enforcing Underage Drinking laws proudly announces the publication of our new document, "Schools & the Community Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drug Environment: Opportunities for Prevention." It's a long title, but it contains a lot of ideas on how schools can develop and implement environmental strategies for substance abuse prevention.

    Meth News: Additive will leave pink stain on fertilizer thieves -- (08-31-04) -- A new additive in farm fertilizer is designed not to help crops - but to deter methamphetamine makers from stealing the fertilizer for their drug recipes.

    New 2003 data for Binge Drinking -- (08-17-04) -- Alcohol use among youth is associated with a wide variety of risky behaviors and poor outcomes, including unprotected sexual intercourse, vulnerability to coerced sexual activity, the use of marijuana, and poor academic performance.

    New 2003 data for Marijuana Use -- (08-17-04) -- Marijuana is used for the intoxication or high that it gives most users. For most students, marijuana is not difficult to obtain. Many think marijuana is not as harmful as other illicit drugs; however, marijuana has both short- and long-term health effects.

    Meth in Minnesota -- (08-16-04) -- Law enforcement officials say methampethamine is now the drug of choice in rural Minnesota because it's easy to get and easy to make. Twenty percent of meth used in Minnesota is being made in Minnesota in clandestine meth labs -- mostly in rural areas with few people.

    Meth a Growing Menace in Rural America -- (08-16-04) -- One of the nation's most dangerous drugs is increasingly found in the most unexpected places. The government's latest studies indicate the production and use of methamphetamine -- an addictive stimulant also known as speed -- is escalating, especially in rural areas.

    Tobacco Use Predictive Factors and School-Based Program -- (07-26-04) -- Based on Dr. Cheryl Perry's work, this two-page chart lists the predictive factors related to youth tobacco use, interventions strategies and school components that address each strategy.

    Alcoholism Signs -- (06-11-04) -- Signs of an Alcoholic

    Tips for Teens: Drug Fact Sheets for Families and Teens -- (06-11-04) -- Drug facts for Families and Teens on: Alcohol, Club Drugs, Cocaine, Hallucinogens, Heroin, Inhalants, Marijuna, Methamphetamine, Steroids and Tobacco.

    Alcohol Fact Sheet -- (04-30-04) -- Alcohol Fact Sheet from the Child Welfare League of America.

    Binge Drinking Among Underage Persons -- (03-29-04) -- The 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) questioned more than 70,000 persons aged 12 or older nationwide, including almost 35,000 persons aged 12 to 20, regarding their frequency and quantity of drinking or use of any illicit drug during the month before the survey. Binge drinking was defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other. "Any illicit drug" refers to use at least once of marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically during the 30 days before the survey. Respondents aged 18 to 22 were also asked about their college enrollment status.

    Substance Use, Abuse and Dependence among Youths Who Have Been in a Jail or a Detention Center -- (03-09-04) -- The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) formerly the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) asks persons aged 12 or older to report their use of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs during the year prior to the interview. "Any illicit drug" refers to marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack) inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type drugs used nonmedically. The survey also asks youths aged 12 to 17 if they have ever been in jail or in a detention center. Past research has shown that rates of substance use and dependence are substantial among youths with criminal justice experience.

    The Human and Economic Cost of Alcohol Use in Minnesota -- (01-12-04) -- Consequences of alcohol use: - Alcohol use and misuse is the third leading cause of preventable death in the U.S. according to the last national study in 1993. - Alcohol contributes to injuries resulting from motor-vehicle crashes, fires, falls, and drowning. Alcohol also contributes to violence such as child abuse, homicide, suicide and personal assault. - Many chronic conditions are attributable to alcohol use, including digestive diseases, certain cancers, mental disorders, and certain cardiovascular diseases.

    Methamphetamine Fact Sheet -- (12-30-03) -- Methamphetamine fact sheet-- This report provides an overview of Methamphetamine use, effects, availability, related enforcement activities and treatment data.

    Youth Drug Use Declines, But Alcohol, Future Trends Are Concerns -- (12-30-03) -- The federal government's $180 million youth anti-drug media campaign may be paying dividends in terms of reduced youth marijuana use, according to data released today from the 2003 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey. Tobacco, Ecstasy and LSD use also showed substantial declines. But the report's lead researcher says that while there is plenty of good news this year, the survey has some troubling warning signs about future drug-use trends.

    "Smoking and Toking" -- (12-10-03) -- The fact sheet and article highlight key research about the dangers of smoking cigarettes and marijuana, such as addictive and carcinogenic qualities, youth rates of smoking and toking and the importance of parents in preventing kids from starting to smoke.

    A National Strategy to Reduce and Prevent Underage Drinking -- (10-09-03) -- NAS Report to Congress--On Wednesday, September 10, 2003, the National Academy of Sciences delivered a report to Congress on "A National Strategy to Reduce and Prevent Underage Drinking." The day before, on Tuesday, September 9, 2003, the Advertising Practices Division of the Consumer Protection Bureau of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) issued its report Congress examining: 1) the impact of liquor-branded "alcopop" advertising on underage consumers; and 2) effectiveness of industry voluntary advertising codes in avoiding underage audiences.

    Reducing Teen Smoking can cut Marijuana Use Significantly -- (09-24-03) -- American Legacy Foundation CASA Report Reducing Teen Smoking can cut Marijuana use significantly.

    Severe Childhood ADHD May Predict Alcohol, Substance Use Problems in Teen Years -- (09-18-03) -- Scientists tracking the progress of children diagnosed with attention/deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as they became teenagers have shed new light on the link between ADHD and the risk of developing alcohol and substance use problems.

    Substance Abuse--A National Challenge: Prevention, Treatment and Research at HHS -- (09-17-03) -- In 2002, nearly 20 million Americans age 12 and older were using illegal drugs--over 8 percent of the population.

    Alcohol Abuse as a Risk Factor for and Consequence of Child Abuse -- (09-11-03) -- The relationship between child abuse and the use or abuse of alcohol has two aspects. First, some findings have indicated that parental alcohol abuse may be associated with the physical or sexual abuse of children.

    2003 National Drug Control Strategy Released -- (06-12-03) -- National Drug Control Strategy, 2003 - commits unprecedented resources to the treatment of drug abuse, including a new $600 million, three-year voucher plan.

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    Early Childhood

    OCS/EC Referral Sources -- (01-01-08) -- Our Children Succeed Early Childhood Referral Sources

    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Guidelines for Referral and Diagnosis -- (09-14-06) -- This document represents the deliberations of clinicians, researchers, parents, and representatives of governmental and non-governmental organizations, whose main goals were to increase the identification of individuals with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) using uniform criteria, and to improve the delivery of appropriate services to those individuals and their families. These guidelines will help achieve those goals by educating medical and allied health professionals about FAS.

    FAS Kids Can Fully Recover, Researchers Say -- (09-12-06) -- A regimen of constant mental stimulation and nurturing during the first two years of life can help children with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) catch up developmentally with their peers.

    Fathers of U.S. Children Born in 2001: Findings from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), E.D. Tab -- (07-19-06) -- This report presents information about the biological fathers of children born in the United States in the year 2001. It is the first publication of findings using the data collected from fathers during the base-year collection of the ECLS-B. It presents information on specific demographic characteristics of resident and nonresident biological fathers’ involvement in pregnancy and birth, fathers' attitudes about fathering, and father involvement.

    Can Drinking During Pregnancy Raise the Risk of Childhood Leukemia? -- (06-27-06) -- Results from the few studies that have examined the association between alcohol use during pregnancy and childhood leukemia are conflicting. Researchers in France aimed to clarify this association through a case-control study of children hospitalized with either newly diagnosed acute leukemia or for a disease other than cancer or a birth defect.

    Proven Benefits of Early Childhood Interventions -- (02-27-06) -- As part of a recent study, RAND researchers synthesized what is known from the scientifically sound research literature about the short- and long-term benefits from early intervention programs, the features that are associated with more-effective programs, and the economic gains that accrue from investing additional resources in early childhood.

    Data -- (06-22-05) -- Data Homework for the Early Childhood Task Group

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    The Adult Lives of At-Risk Students: The Roles of Attainment and Engagement in High School -- (04-12-06) -- NCES has just released 'The Adult Lives of At-Risk Students: The Roles of Attainment and Engagement in High School.' Previous analysis of NELS:88 data found that students who are at-risk of school failure, but who are engaged and participate in school, achieve educational success. The 1993 study was a cross-sectional examination of the differences among successful versus unsuccessful students at-risk of school failure, particularly with respect to participation and engagement in school. The current study is a longitudinal investigation of the power of participating in high school and later educational outcomes. High school noncompleters, with the highest level of academic risk, stood out in each case. In postsecondary education programs, noncompleters earned the fewest credits; the mean number of credits earned by noncompleters who entered a postsecondary program was 17.0, compared to 49.4 credits for marginal completers and 87.8 credits for successful completers. High school noncompleters were less likely to be employed in 2000 (77 percent) than were successful completers (88 percent) or marginal completers (86 percent).

    State gets a couple of C grades on national report -- (01-04-06) -- Minnesota isn't doing enough to ensure that teachers know what they are teaching, and needs to test students in more subject areas, according to a national report on the state of education released today.

    Fourth-Grade Students Reading Aloud: NAEP 2002 Special Study of Oral Reading -- (12-05-05) -- This report discusses findings about fourth-grade students' oral reading from a special study that was part of the 2002 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading assessment. The data were derived from a nationally representative subsample of students who participated in the 2002 main NAEP reading assessment.

    Governor Pawlenty: Minnesota’s Schools Get Even Better -- (08-30-05) -- Minnesota schools showed clear improvement on both the annual No Child Left Behind (NCLB) adequate yearly progress (AYP) measures of student academic achievement and the Minnesota Comprehensive Assessment (MCA) reading and math tests.

    Nation's high school students feeling under-worked -- (08-09-05) -- The campaign to make high school more demanding seems to be picking up support from the people who have the biggest stake in the matter: the students themselves.

    Partners in Policymaking Leadership Training 2005 -- (07-11-05) -- Partners in Policymaking® is a leadership training program designed for adults with disabilities and for parents of young children with disabilities. The program teaches leadership skills, and the process of developing positive partnerships with elected officials and other individuals who make the policy decisions about services that you and your family use.

    America's Public School Libraries: 1953–2000 -- (06-20-05) -- NCES has just released, 'America's Public School Libraries: 1953–2000.' Drawn from more than 25 sources, mostly federal reports and surveys, this booklet presents a history of federal legislation and national standards affecting school library media centers and key characteristics of school libraries at the national level, from 1953–54 to 1999–2000. This booklet is based on the report Fifty Years of Supporting Children's Learning: A History of Public School Libraries and Federal Legislation from 1953–2000 (NCES 2005-311).

    Family Education Network Listserv -- (06-01-05) -- Family Education Network (FEN) is a moderated listserv focusing on strengthening families and school-age (K-12) parent education. The listserv is developed by University of Minnesota Extension Service Family Relations Specialists from across the state.

    Community Efforts Can Reduce Alcohol Fatalities -- (04-28-05) -- Communities can decrease alcohol-related fatal crashes by providing better access to substance abuse treatment while reducing the availability of alcohol in the community, according to a new study supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). A report of the study appears in the April, 2005 issue of the journal Injury Prevention.

    The best way to get teens to learn -- (04-07-05) -- Getting kids interested in what they're learning is an age-old problem that continues to plague teachers and parents. Now, researchers from the University of Leuven in Belgium report in the March/April issue of the journal Child Development, that when teenagers understand that learning helps them attain an intrinsic goal (e.g., self-development, personal health, etc.), they are more likely to become interested in the topic and grasp its conceptual aspects than if they are motivated to learn only to attain extrinsic goals (e.g., financial success, physical attractiveness, etc.).

    A Profile of the American High School Sophomore in 2002: Initial Results From the Base Year of the Longitudinals Study of 2002 -- (03-11-05) -- This report presents findings from the base year of the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), a new longitudinal study of high school students.

    Nation's Report Card: An Introduction to The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) -- (03-09-05) -- The Nation's Report Card: An Introduction to The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) explains the major features of NAEP in a non-technical manner. It highlights the history and development of NAEP, how the data are collected, scored, and analyzed, and how the results are reported. This introductory guide to NAEP is designed to meet the information needs of teachers, parents, and other members of the general public about the nation's premier assessment of what America's elementary and secondary students know and can do.

    Costs, Benefits, and Kids -- (02-03-05) -- Back in the late 1800s, a powerful grass-roots movement spurred the creation of public kindergartens across the nation. In December 2004, at a conference put together by the Council on Economic Development, the Pew Charitable Trusts, and the PNC Financial Services Group, hundreds of men and women from the worlds of economics, business, charitable foundations, education and advocacy talked about doing the same for early childhood education.

    Enhancing Iowa's Systems of Supports for Learning and Development -- (01-24-05) -- The document is intended for policy makers and leaders at the state, regional, and local levels within and outside of the education system who have a compelling interest in the achievement of all students and are seeking effective ways to improve student learning. It introduces a set of new concepts for systems of supports that students need if they are to achieve at high levels. The document calls for rethinking the directions for student supports in order to reduce fragmentation in the system and increase the effectiveness and efficiency by which it operates. The intended results are for all children and youth to succeed in school, grow up healthy and socially competent, and be prepared for productive adulthoods.

    Beyond the College Mainstream -- (01-11-05) -- From the Star Tribune: The college search is a time of high anxiety for most high school seniors and their families. But concerns about finding the right school are magnified for the 135,000 Minnesota students, who have diagnosed learning disabilities (LD) or who have been in special education. Today's LD students are both better prepared for college and more demanding of special services. And schools are, in turn, responding to those demands.

    The Nation's Report Card: America's Charter Schools -- (12-15-04) -- The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) conducted a pilot study of America’s charter schools and their students as part of the 2003 NAEP assessments in reading and mathematics at the fourth-grade level. NAEP also surveyed participating charter schools about their practices, structure, and governance.

    International Outcomes of Learning in Mathematics Literacy and Problem Solving: PISA 2003 Results from the U.S. Perspective -- (12-08-04) -- This report provides key findings from the 2003 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). The report focuses on the performance of U.S. 15-year-olds in the two major areas assessed in 2003, mathematics literacy and problem solving, compared to their peers in 38 other countries. Information about achievement in reading literacy and science literacy is also provided, along with some discussion of changes in performance since 2000.

    Trends in Educational Equity of Girls and Women: 2004 -- (11-22-04) -- This statistical report assembles a series of indicators that examine the extent to which males and females have access to the same educational opportunities, avail themselves equally of these opportunities, perform at similar levels throughout schooling, succeed at similar rates, and reap the same benefits from their educational experiences.

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    Educational Policies/Environment

    Promoting a Systematic Focus on Learning Supports to Address Barriers to Learning and Teaching -- (07-10-06) -- The upcoming reauthorization provides an opportunity to correct a significant deficiency in the No Child Left Behind Act. Specifically, additions are needed to Title I to enable all students to have an equal opportunity to succeed at school. These additions call for the promotion of a systematic focus on learning supports to address barriers to learning and teaching.

    Developments in School Finance: 2004 -- (07-26-05) -- This report contains papers presented at the 2004 annual NCES Summer Data Conference. Discussions and presentations dealt with such topics as measuring school efficiency, analyzing the return on education investment, calculating education costs per student, and assessing the financial condition of school districts.

    Collaboration: The Prerequisite for School Readiness and Success -- (06-30-05) -- Each day in the U.S., hundreds of thousands of youngsters and their families face a multitude of problems associated with poverty, inadequate housing, poor health care and nutrition, difficulty in school, substance abuse, and neighborhood violence. Research indicates that these problems are interrelated at a variety of levels and in complex ways. Children and families at risk of one problem are increasingly at risk for a number of other problems, so much so that it often is difficult to distinguish between problem domains. To the extent that the dynamics of individual and social problems are interrelated, it makes sense that solutions to these problems must also be integrated and multidimensional.

    School Improvement Planning: What's Missing? -- (06-06-05) -- School improvement plans are increasingly shaping strategic changes at schools and districts. As the National Initiative: New Directions for Student Support has progressed, we have heard growing concern about the limited nature and scope of school improvement planning. In particular, it has been stressed that current school improvement planning guides tend to perpetuate the marginalization of efforts to address barriers to learning and teaching. Therefore, we undertook the task of analyzing school improvement guides and drafting a policy report.

    Raising Achievement: Alternate Assessments for Students with Disabilities -- (04-08-05) -- The U.S. Department of Education announces a new policy with respect to students with persistent academic disabilities under the bipartisan No Child Left Behind (NCLB) education reform law.

    New standards open new books in Minnesota schools -- (11-15-04) -- The state's new rules for what students need to know in language arts, math and arts -- plus new course credit requirements -- have brought a host of changes to many schools. More kids will have to take more math and science. More will be reciting poetry and studying Latin and Greek root words.

    Big increase in number of schools missing No Child goals -- (08-26-04) -- The number of underperforming schools in Minnesota quadrupled on the list released today by the state Department of Education. This year's numbers showed 472 schools not meeting federal and state testing goals, compared to 114 last year. Much of that increase comes from new listings of high schools and middle schools, which were judged on test scores for the first time.

    Teacher Attrition and Mobility: Results from the Teacher Follow-up Survey, 2000-01 -- (08-17-04) -- The purpose of the Teacher Follow-up Survey is to provide information about teacher mobility and attrition.

    New Study Highlights the Scope and Value of Service-Learning in U.S. Schools -- (07-28-04) -- Despite financial pressures and pressures to focus on core subjects, public schools continue to engage millions of young people in service to others through community service and service-learning. Schools that use "service-learning" (28% of all schools) see a wide range of positive benefits for the students, the school, and their broader community. These are among the major findings of a new National Youth Leadership Council study of 1,799 school principals in a nationally representative sample of public elementary, middle, and high schools.

    Zero Tolerance -- (06-11-04) -- These reported incidents of suspensions and expulsions have not only sparked criticism of the swift, uniform policies of zero tolerance, but have also brought increased lawsuits against schools regarding unfairness and inequities in zero tolerance. Zero tolerance policies fail to apply to the same consequences to all children, as the policies have a disproportionate impact on African-American and Latino students.

    New Thinking on Children, Poverty, and IQ -- (12-30-03) -- Research published this month is shedding new light on the old nature/nurture argument. In a dramatic shift from previous findings, this analysis finds that for families at the very bottom of the socio-economic scale, environmental factors have a much greater impact on the variations in children's IQ (Intelligence Quotient) then genes.

    Rural Schools: an Uncertain Path to College -- (10-28-03) -- Rural schools, often a footnote in discussions about education reform, got a share of the spotlight in the 2003 Brown Center Report on American Education.

    After-School for All? Exploring Access and Equity in After-School Programs -- (08-20-03) -- Evidence suggest that after-school programs serve only about a third of the school age kids who need them, raising the critical questions: which third?

    Driving the Public Debate on School Safety - An Interview with Judge Eric Andell -- (06-12-03) -- As reported in December, U.S. Secretary of Education Rod Paige has announced the formation of a new Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools within the U.S. Department of Education (ED). All activities related to safe schools, crisis response, alcohol and drug prevention, health and well-being of students, and building strong character and citizenship are now located in the new office.

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    Evaluation/Best Practices

    OCS Evaluation, Digests and CQI/DPR Briefs -- (03-17-09) -- Prepared by Wilder Research (Updated 2/28/2010)

    Community-Based Family-Focused Practice and Social Network Intervention -- (02-27-06) -- This article draws on research on three models of family-based practice (Intensive Family Preservation Services, Multisystemic Therapy, and Wraparound) to examine the relationship between family support networks and treatment outcomes. The author concludes that there is a need to extend existing approaches to family-based research and practice to include activities and variables directly relevant to the enhancement of family support networks.

    We Care: Recommended Best Practices Addressing the Needs of Drug Endangered Children -- (01-30-06) -- This publication from the Washington State Department of Health outlines the state's assessment and response and includes procedures for the law enforcement, child welfare, medical and legal systems.

    Best Practices in Reducing School Violence -- (06-30-05) -- Violence is one of the most serious threats to the health of youth in the United States and around the world. In America, young people are disproportionately represented as both victims and perpetrators of violence. National school-based data indicate that violence is prevalent in many schools. The 1993 Youth Risk Behavior Survey indicates that 42 percent of adolescents were in a physical fight during the 12 months preceding the survey and 22 percent carried a weapon during the 30 days preceding the survey (Kann et al., 1995). Another study found that 50 percent of boys and 25 percent of girls reported being physically attacked by someone at school (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 1992). The CDC also reported 105 violent deaths in school in the two-year period from 1992 to 1994. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) found that more than half of public schools experienced some crime during the 1996-97 school year, and one in ten schools reported at least one serious violent crime during that year (NCES, 1998). In Minnesota, there were 1119 incidents involving dangerous weapons in the 1996-97 school year (Children, Families and Learning, 1998).

    Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) Methodology Report for the 9-Month Data Collection (2001-2002) Volume 2: Sampling -- (06-20-05) -- This paper report documents the design and sampling strategies used in the base year, 9-month collection, of the ECLS-B. The focus is on sample design, response rates, data weighting procedures, and non-response bias analysis.

    Keeping Prevention Activities on Track -- (06-13-05) -- How can you know if your prevention program achieves what it sets out to do? A solid evaluation lets you know if your program works and has real value to your community. Learn about the benefits of evaluating school-based prevention strategies and how a good evaluation tool can help you expand and improve your programming efforts.

    Assessing Strengths-Based Delivery of Services for Children and Families -- (03-17-05) -- This article describes the development and testing of The Strengths-Based Practices Inventory (SBPI) in Early Head Start settings. The results of this study indicate that the 16-item SBPI is a reliable and valid measure of parents’ perceptions, and may be a useful tool for the assessment and development of strengths-based services for children and families.

    Characteristics of Private Schools in the United States: Results From the 2001-2002 Private School Universe Survey -- (10-13-04) -- This report on the 2001-2002 Private School Universe presents data on private schools in the United States with grades kindergarten through twelve by selected characteristics such as school size, school level, religious orientation, association membership, geographic region, community type, and program emphasis.

    Best Practices Review: Snow and Ice Control -- (09-09-04) -- Between 1994 and 2003, the Office of the Legislative Auditor conducted best practices reviews of local government services. In 2003, the Legislature transferred authority to conduct these reviews to the State Auditor (effective July 1, 2004). This report identifies the "best" methods of plowing snow and removing ice from Minnesota roads.

    Best Practices Review: Property Assessments: Structure and Appeals -- (09-09-04) -- Between 1994 and 2003, the Office of the Legislative Auditor conducted best practices reviews of local government services. In 2003, the Legislature transferred authority to conduct these reviews to the State Auditor (effective July 1, 2004). This report identifies innovative practices and proven methods of organizing property assessment services and assessment appeals processes. The report includes numerous specific examples of techniques used by county and local jurisdictions around Minnesota.

    Best Practices Review: Non-Felony Prosecution -- (09-09-04) -- Between 1994 and 2003, the Office of the Legislative Auditor conducted best practices reviews of local government services. In 2003, the Legislature transferred authority to conduct these reviews to the State Auditor (effective July 1, 2004). This report identifies several successful techniques for delivering prosecution services for misdemeanor offences. Based on surveys and interviews with city and county prosecutors' offices, it highlights methods that might be adopted in multiple jurisdictions.

    Best Practices Review: 9-1-1 Dispatching -- (09-09-04) -- Between 1994 and 2003, the Office of the Legislative Auditor conducted best practices reviews of local government services. In 2003, the Legislature transferred authority to conduct these reviews to the State Auditor (effective July 1, 2004). This report describes and analyzes 9-1-1 emergency dispatching in Minnesota and identifies seven major actions that can be taken by local service providers to improve services. It also identifies numerous specific best practices that show how Minnesota cities and counties are successfully implementing the seven major actions.

    Best Practices Review: Fire Services -- (09-09-04) -- Between 1994 and 2003, the Office of the Legislative Auditor conducted best practices reviews of local government services. In 2003, the Legislature transferred authority to conduct these reviews to the State Auditor (effective July 1, 2004). This report describes and analyzes services delivered by fire departments in Minnesota and identifies seven major actions that local fire departments can take to improve services. It also identifies numerous specific best practices that show specifically how fire departments are successfully implementing the seven major actions.

    Best Practices Review: Preventive Maintenance for Local Government Buildings -- (09-09-04) -- Between 1994 and 2003, the Office of the Legislative Auditor conducted best practices reviews of local government services. In 2003, the Legislature transferred authority to conduct these reviews to the State Auditor (effective July 1, 2004). This report describes and analyzes how school districts, cities, and counties conduct preventive maintenance of their buildings. It also identifies seven major "best practices" that jurisdictions can adopt to improve their preventive maintenance, and includes numerous specific examples that show how local governments are successfully implementing the best practices.

    Best Practices Review: Local E-Government -- (09-09-04) -- Between 1994 and 2003, the Office of the Legislative Auditor conducted best practices reviews of local government services. In 2003, the Legislature transferred authority to conduct these reviews to the State Auditor (effective July 1, 2004). This report identifies best practices for local governments, including cities, counties, and school districts, that deliver e-government services to citizens via the Internet.

    Best Practices Review: Managing Local Government Computer Systems -- (09-09-04) -- Between 1994 and 2003, the Office of the Legislative Auditor conducted best practices reviews of local government services. In 2003, the Legislature transferred authority to conduct these reviews to the State Auditor (effective July 1, 2004). This report discusses best practices for managing computer systems for local governments, including reliance on vendors, intergovernmental collaborations, and/or in-house staff.

    Best Practices Review: Preserving Housing -- (09-09-04) -- Between 1994 and 2003, the Office of the Legislative Auditor conducted best practices reviews of local government services. In 2003, the Legislature transferred authority to conduct these reviews to the State Auditor (effective July 1, 2004). This report recommends best practices for local governments to preserve housing in their jurisdiction and features local agencies that use the practices.

    Who Teaches Reading in Public Elementary Schools? -- (08-16-04) -- Describes the qualifications of public school elementary-level reading teachers relative to general elementary teachers, in terms of their educational attainment, their educational preparation and certification in reading, and their educational preparation and certification in elementary education.

    Safeguarding Our Children: An Action Guide -- (03-23-04) -- School violence occurs in a unique context in every school, making a one-size-fits-all approach ineffective. This Action Guide helps schools develop and carry out a violence prevention and response plan that can be customized to fit each school's particular strengths.

    Science-Based Prevention Programs and Principles 2002 -- (01-12-04) -- Effective substance abuse and mental health programs for every community.

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    OCS Points of Contact -- (07-28-08) -- This is a document listing points of contact in key areas of focus within Our Children Succeed. Feel free to contact the individuals listed with your questions.

    OCS Population Served and Staff Reporting Forms Information -- (04-09-08) -- Information on how to download, complete, save and email the OCS Staff forms.

    Referral Information and Forms -- (03-19-08) --

    OCS School Packet -- (02-22-08) -- Our Children Succeed Initiative System of Care information and forms for school district personnel to download.

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    Foundations/Funding Sources

    President's FY 2007 Budget Request Released -- (02-07-06) -- The President released his FY 2007 Budget Request today. The chart in the PDF file compares the FY 2006 Appropriated amounts to the President's FY 2007 requested funding levels for selected programs of interest to our field. The President's FY 2007 Budget Request is a mixed bag for our field with increases recommended for a very small handful of programs, while many other programs were eliminated or cut.

    HHS 2005 Grant Opportunites Notebook -- (03-17-05) -- A guide to this year's federal funding opportunities for faith-based and community organizations across the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

    2004 Minnesota Nonprofit Economy Report -- (03-09-05) -- The 2004 Minnesota Nonprofit Economy Report was released at MCN's Annual Conference in St. Paul on October 14, 2004.

    Fiscal Year 2001-2006 State Tables for the U.S. Department of Education -- (02-15-05) -- Funds included in the State tables are for programs that allocate funds to States using statutory formulas. The totals do not reflect all Department of Education funds that a State receives. States and other entities may also receive Department funds awarded on a competitive basis. These tables also include, for each State, financial support from selected student aid programs that provide funds to the postsecondary institutions that students attend. Also shown for each State is the dollar amount of new federally supported loans made to students attending postsecondary institutions located in the State.

    VMB Fund -- (10-27-04) -- The VMB Fund is an anonymous, philanthropic fund that can be accessed by low-income people in Minnesota with emergency expenses. If you know families with emergency expenses that can't be paid for through other sources, they may be eligible for funding. Eligible requests include one-time per year, per person emergency expenses such as overdue medical bills, etc. in the $1,000 to $5,000 range.

    Northwest Minnesota Foundation -- (09-07-04) -- The Northwest Minnesota Foundation is a public charitable foundation established in 1986 to address the long-term development needs of our region. We invest resources, creates opportunities and promotes philanthropy to make the region a better place to live and work.

    Economic Scope and Impact of 501(c)3 Nonprofit Organizations in Northwest Minnesota, The -- (08-19-04) -- The objective of this research is to estimate the economic impact of nonprofit organizations in the northwest region of Minnesota and to contribute a unique perspective to the dialogue.

    SAMHSA Releases Training Manual for Developing Competitive Grant Applications -- (09-11-03) -- In an effort to provide new grant applicants with the guidance needed to prepare competitive grant applications, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) released the manual, "Developing Competitive SAMHSA Grant Applications: A Participant Manual."

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    Grantseeking Resources

    Grantseeking Resources -- (06-23-08) -- This list of resources is intended for informational purposes only. Inclusion does not constitute endorsement by the Northwest Minnesota Council of Collaboratives.

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    Health and Safety

    National School Bus Safety Week - October 20-24, 2008 -- (10-13-08) -- This year's theme is "Stop on Red, Kids Ahead"

    Latino AIDS Awareness Day in Minnesota set for October 15 -- (10-07-08) -- To call attention to the impact HIV infection has had on Latino communities in Minnesota, Gov. Tim Pawlenty has proclaimed Wednesday, Oct. 15, as Latino AIDS Awareness Day in Minnesota.

    Disability Etiquette -- (10-07-08) -- A great resource for businesses, schools, organizations, staff training and disability awareness programs. This booklet provides tips for you to follow that will help create positive interactions and raise everyone's comfort levels. The publication offers advice related to a diverse number of specific disabilities.

    Study finds new approach prevents further child abuse, reduces costs -- (02-07-07) -- Family Assessment Response, a DHS initiative launched in 2000 as a pilot project in 20 Minnesota counties and now operating statewide, focuses on assessing child safety and family strengths rather than conducting fault-finding investigations in response to reports of child abuse and neglect.

    Surviving the Cold, or Even the Not So Cold -- (01-09-07) -- Hypothermia, a condition in which the body's core temperature drops below 95 degrees, is the No. 1 killer of outdoor recreationists. It is also an often unrecognized killer of infants and the elderly, although the most frequent victims are homeless people, alcoholics and drug addicts.

    Tips for Living in the Heat -- (07-13-06) -- Signs and symptoms of heat-related illness and general care for all heat emergencies.

    Eliminating Health Disparities -- (07-03-06) -- Public health practitioners have long championed the health needs of underserved and impoverished communities. Despite these efforts, the disparities in health among U.S. social groups continue to widen.

    Handbook for Public Playground Safety -- (06-10-05) -- This handbook presents safety information for public playground equipment in the form of guidelines. Publication of the handbook is expected to promote greater safety awareness among those who purchase, install, and maintain public playground equipment.

    U.S. Living Will Registry -- (03-22-05) -- The mission of the U.S. Living Will Registry is to promote the use of advance directives through educational programs, and to make people's health care choices available to their caregivers and families whenever and wherever they are needed, while maintaining the confidentiality of their information and documents.

    Summary of Scientific Findings on Adverse Effects of Indoor Environments on Students' Health, Academic Performance and Attendance -- (02-15-05) -- This 38-page paper summarizes the current state of scientific knowledge about the adverse impacts of indoor environments in schools on health and performance. Key gaps in knowledge and critical outstanding research questions are also summarized. The U.S. Department of Education commissioned this paper in order to meet requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.

    Minnesota observes National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day Feb. 7 -- (02-07-05) -- HIV/AIDS affects African Americans and African-born people in Minnesota, as in the United States, more than any other racial or ethnic group. As part of an effort to combat that trend, the fifth annual observance of National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness & Information Day (NBHAAD) will be held Monday, Feb. 7.

    Minnesota Road Traveler Information Service -- (10-19-04) -- The Minnesota Department of Transportation introduces 511, a service to help commuters and travelers access information regarding weather-related road conditions, construction and congestion, via the web or phone – 24/7.

    Health facility investigation reports now available online -- (10-13-04) -- The public can now view the results of complaint investigations involving certain Minnesota health care providers at a new Web site maintained by the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH).

    Influenza Information Hotline Number -- (09-03-04) -- The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) has established a new hotline number for public inquiries concerning influenza, influenza vaccination clinic locations and times, and related information. The new number is: 612-627-3950.

    Minnesota Health Info Website -- (08-25-04) -- Gov. Pawlenty's Health Cabinet launched a new Web site designed to provide consumers, providers and purchasers of health care with access to a wealth of information about health and health care in Minnesota. Visitors to the site will be able to compare certain health providers, learn how to be a wise health care consumer, and get tips on managing their personal health.

    Child-Specific Exposure Factors Handbook (Interim Report) -- (07-26-04) -- The document provides a summary of the available and up-to-date statistical data on various factors assessing children exposures. These factors include drinking water consumption, soil ingestion, inhalation rates, dermal factors including skin area and soil adherence factors, consumption of fruits and vegetables, fish, meats, dairy products, homegrown foods, breast milk, activity patterns, body weight, consumer products and life expectancy. - Preparing Make Sense. Get Ready Now. -- (07-26-04) -- All Americans should begin a process of learning about potential threats so we are better prepared to react during an attack. While there is no way to predict what will happen, or what your personal circumstances will be, there are simple things you can do now to prepare yourself and your loved ones.

    Tips For A Healthier New Year -- (12-31-03) -- The following New Year's tips are from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

    Schools and Terrorism -- A Supplement to the Report of the National Advisory Committee on Children and Terrorism -- (12-31-03) -- Schools may or may not be the targets of terrorism, but they are certain to be affected by terrorism, whether directly or indirectly. The likelihood that one or more schools will be in the vicinity of terrrorist targets is demonstrated by the events of September 11, 2001.

    Protecting Children is Everyone's Business: 25 Things Individuals, Organizations and Businesses Can Do to Help Protect Children -- (12-30-03) -- There seems to be a new tragedy every day. Children are hurt, abandoned, and even killed. We become so overwhelmed by the scope of child abuse and neglect in our communities, it is easy to believe there is nothing we can do to help protect children when, in truth...

    Keeping Farm Children Safe -- (10-30-03) -- Each year, hundreds of children like Heather are hurt or killed while playing or working on the family farm. Farm accidents involving children may seem unpredictable and random. It may seem that they can't be prevented. Some people even believe they are simply "the price of farming."

    Health Care Initiative Connects the Uninsured with Low-Cost and Free Health Care -- (10-29-03) -- Cass Lake, Minn.- Leech Lake Tribe along with Children's Defense Fund (CDF) Minnesota today announced the launch of a health care coverage initiative in Beltrami and Cass Counties. The initiative, called Covering Kids and Families, works to connect uninsured children and families to available low-cost and free health care coverage.

    Winter Hazard Awareness Week - November 3-7, 2003 -- (10-29-03) -- Winter weather can be a killer in Minnesota - literally. Each year, adults and children in our state suffer injuries or death because they aren't aware of essential safety measures. Winter Hazard Awareness Week is about helping adults behave safely and teaching children to protect themselves.

    I'M SCARED, WHAT IF THE NEXT SHOOTING IS AT MY SCHOOL? -- (10-29-03) -- How big is this problem? Even though the news has been filled with reports of school shootings lately, murders in schools are actually lower than in previous years. It is more likely that your child will get killed by lightning than murdered at school.

    New publications show injuries kill more than five million a year -- (10-02-03) -- Road crashes account for 1 of 5 injury-related deaths

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    Infants, Children, Adolescent Health

    Child Neglect: A Guide for Prevention, Assessment and Intervention -- (06-04-09) -- Child protective services (CPS), a division within State and local social service agencies, is at the center of every community's child protection efforts. In most jurisdictions, CPS is the agency mandated by law to conduct an initial assessment or investigation of reports of child abuse or neglect. It also offers services to families and children when maltreatment has occurred or is likely to occur.

    Child Protective Services: A Guide for Caseworkers -- (06-04-09) -- This manual examines the roles and responsibilities of child protective services (CPS) workers. It describes the purposes, key decisions, and issues of each stage of the CPS process: intake, initial assessment/investigation, family assessment, case planning, service provision, evaluation of family progress and case closure. The manual also covers strategies for casework supervision, training, and support. Appendices include a glossary of terms, resource listings of selected national organizations, State toll-free telephone numbers for reporting child abuse, and the National Association of Social Workers Code of Ethics.

    A Coordinated Response to Child Abuse and Neglect: The Foundation for Practice -- (06-04-09) -- Written for new child protective services (CPS) caseworkers, professionals working with children and families, other professionals and concerned community members, this manual addresses the definition, scope, causes, and consequences of child abuse and neglect. It presents an overview of prevention efforts and the child protection process from identification and reporting through investigation and assessment to service provision and case closure. This manual is intended to accompany each profession-specific manual in the User Manual Series.

    The Importance of Fathers in the Healthy Development of Children -- (06-04-09) -- To carry out their responsibilities of protecting children at risk of maltreatment, CPS caseworkers must effectively engage families that often both present and face great challenges. These can include substance abuse, mental health problems, economic stress, unemployment, separation and divorce, inadequate housing, crime, and incarceration. Figuring out how best to work with and engage these families, always with the safety of and permanency for the child as the goal, is not easy. This manual also speaks to both the opportunities and challenges presented by one participant in the family sagas that CPS caseworkers deal with everyday: the father.

    The Role of Educators in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect -- (06-04-09) -- This manual, designed to examine the roles that teachers, school counselors, school social workers, school nurses, special education professionals, administrators, and other school personnel have in helping maltreated children, provides the basis for the involvement of educators in combating the problem of child abuse and neglect.

    The Role of Professional Child Care Providers in Preventing and Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect -- (06-04-09) -- This manual provides information on the roles and responsibilities of child care providers in preventing, recognizing, and reporting child abuse and neglect within and outside early childhood programs. It also presents an overview of prevention efforts, reporting laws, caring for maltreated children, and ways to support parents and professionals who work with families.

    Supervising Child Protective Services Caseworkers -- (06-04-09) -- This manual provides the foundation for effective supervisory practice in child protective services (CPS). It describes the roles and responsibilities of the CPS supervisor, and it provides practice oriented advice on how to carry out supervisory responsibilities effectively. Best practices and critical issues in supervisory practice are underscored throughout.

    Working with the Courts in Child Protection -- (06-04-09) -- Part of a series of manuals designed to provide guidance on child protection practices, this manual explains court processes most relevant to child abuse and neglect cases. It introduces concepts and terminology associated with the courts, describes the key court processes, and presents practical information to help child protective services caseworkers prepare for court litigation.

    Family Voice & Choice Newsletter -- (01-28-09) -- This is the first edition of their quarterly newsletter.

    Recognizing Child Abuse and Neglect: Signs and Symptoms -- (10-15-08) -- The first step in helping abused or neglected children is learning to recognize the signs of child abuse and neglect. The presence of a single sign does not prove child abuse is occurring in a family; however, when these signs appear repeatedly or in combination you should take a closer look at the situation and consider the possibility of child abuse.

    Kinship Care Resource Kit -- (10-06-08) -- One in 12 American children is living in a household headed by a grandparent or other relative. In many of these homes, grandparents and other relatives have become the primary caregivers or kinship caregivers, for children whose parents cannot or will not care for them due to substance abuse, illness, child abuse and neglect, economic hardship, incarceration, divorce, domestic violence or other serious problems.

    National Children's Study Kick-Off -- (01-18-08) -- The National Children’s Study will examine the effects of environmental influences on the health and development of more than 100,000 children across the United States, following them from before birth until age 21. The goal of the study is to improve the health and well-being of children. This is the largest and most comprehensive study of child and human health ever conducted in the United States.

    Pawlenty joins call to restore money for kids' insurance -- (03-05-07) -- Gov. Tim Pawlenty was among 18 governors in Washington, D.C., last week who challenged the White House and signed a bipartisan letter urging "quick congressional action" to avert a reduction proposed by the Bush administration in funding the State Children's Health Insurance Program.

    Calories In, Calories Out: Food and Exercise in Public Elementary Schools, 2005 -- (02-06-07) -- This study, prompted by concern over the rate of obesity among school-age children, was designed to obtain current national information on availability of foods and opportunities for physical activity in public elementary schools. The report includes findings on the types of food sold at one or more locations in schools and in their cafeterias or lunchrooms; the types of food sold at vending machines and school stores or snack bars, and times when foods were available at those locations; food service operations and contracts with companies to sell foods at schools; scheduled recess, including the days per week, times per day, and minutes per day of recess; scheduled physical education, including the days per week, class length, and average minutes per week of physical education; activities to encourage physical activity among elementary students; and the physical assessment of students.

    The Public Costs of Teen Childbearing -- (01-24-07) -- The U.S. teen birthrate continues to decrease overtime- although it is the highest among industrialized countries. Published by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, this report reviews the public sector costs of teen pregnancy. It is estimated that teen childbearing costs taxpayers around $9.1 billion annually; costs included public health care, child welfare, and prison system costs.

    Secondhand Smoke Increases Risk of Miscarriage, Study Says -- (09-26-06) -- A study of women who suffered miscarriages at 6 to 12 weeks of pregnancy found that they were more likely to have been exposed to secondhand smoke than those who did not have miscarriages during the same period.

    NCFAS & NCFAS-R Ranked Top Assessment Tools for Child Welfare System -- (08-22-06) -- The primary focus of this review is to evaluate the family assessment literature and provide recommendations for promising instruments that may be useful in structuring the family assessment process. The report is divided into six sections. We first describe the concept of family assessment in the child welfare context, followed by an overview of the theoretical and disciplinary influences in the family assessment field and key measurement criteria. Next, we present practical considerations in the selection of a family assessment instrument for use in child welfare. The framework and methods of the review are then presented, followed by major findings and implications for practice.

    DDT Linked to Developmental Delays in Babies -- (07-06-06) -- New research out of California suggests that DDT causes developmental delays in infants whose mothers were exposed to the pesticide.

    Carcinogens Found in Infant Children of Smokers -- (05-16-06) -- Researchers have found that infants as young as three months old accumulate nicotine and carcinogens in their bodies when they are exposed to tobacco smoke.

    New CDF Report Finds Minnesota Children Fall Through Cracks in Health Care Coverage -- (04-20-06) -- Minnesota's increasingly-inaccessible health care system has allowed tens of thousands of children to fall through the cracks. An estimated 68,000 Minnesota children are without health care coverage, and the number of uninsured children younger than six-years-old has spiked up dramatically in recent years.

    Child's death from lead poisoning prompts recall and warning about children's jewelry -- (03-23-06) -- The death of a child from extreme lead poisoning has prompted federal and state health officials to issue new warnings about the dangers of children's jewelry and toys that contain lead.

    Pediatricians Endorse Needle Exchange -- (02-06-06) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is calling on its members to support the establishment of needle-exchange programs to prevent the spread of AIDS among IV-drug users.

    DHS grant to help deaf, deafblind and hard of hearing children -- (10-05-05) -- The Minnesota Department of Human Services has awarded Volunteers of America, Minnesota a $276,300 grant to help with the mental health problems experienced by deaf, deafblind and hard of hearing children.

    Children and The Media: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly - Oct. 11, Crookston FREE -- (10-04-05) -- This is a FREE one hour seminar on children and the media sponsored by Parents Helping Parents on October 11 from 7:00-8:00 PM at the Community Family Service Center in Crookston.

    Child Defender Newsletter - August 2005 -- (08-30-05) -- Stay informed about issues impacting Minnesota children and families by viewing the current Child Defender newsletter online!

    Minnesota Department of Health report provides new insights into child maltreatment by looking at both hospital and child protection data -- (08-23-05) -- The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) today released Child Maltreatment Violence Data Brief, 2001-2002, which provides new insights into child maltreatment in Minnesota by looking at data from two sources: Minnesota's hospitals and county child protective services (CPS) agencies.

    Missed Opportunities Produce Costly Outcomes -- (06-14-05) -- This report focuses on Minnesota's Child Care Assistance Program (CCAP), which provides low-income working families with financial assistance to access early care and education for their children.

    New NHLBI-Sponsored Study Shows Programs Can Teach Children to Eat Healthier -- (06-06-05) -- Parents, take heart: You can teach your child to eat healthier. A study of preadolescent children found that those who attended a behaviorally oriented nutrition education program and were taught to follow a diet low in saturated fat and dietary cholesterol adopted significantly better dietary habits over several years compared to their peers who received only general nutritional information.

    Protective Parenting: Preventing Child Sexual Abuse -- (05-10-05) -- Sexual abuse: It happens more often than you might think. About one out of four females and one out of six males are sexually abused as children or adolescents. This pamphlet has been prepared to help parents communicate with their children about sexual abuse — because it is a real threat.

    Governor Pawlenty Proclaims May as Teen Pregnancy Prevention Month -- (05-04-05) -- Governor Pawlenty has proclaimed May as Teen Pregnancy Prevention Month in Minnesota, in conjunction with the national observance.

    Early Childhood Education: Follow Along Program -- (03-22-05) -- Let the Follow Along Program help you know if your child is playing, talking, growing, moving, and acting like other children the same age.

    Obesity Threatens to Cut U.S. Life Expectancy, New Analysis Suggests -- (03-17-05) -- Over the next few decades, life expectancy for the average American could decline by as much as 5 years unless aggressive efforts are made to slow rising rates of obesity, according to a team of scientists supported in part by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS).

    New Economics of Preschool (The): New Findings, Methods and Strategies for Increasing Economic Investments in Early Care and Education. -- (01-04-05) -- This report presents research and strategies for increasing economic investments in early care and education. A chart presents an overview of research on the economic impact of early care and education. The benefits of economic development research to the field of early care and education include: (1) increased credibility and investment, (2) better data collection, and (3) new partnerships. Practical applications and next steps are listed. It is concluded from this research that investment in early childhood development is a wise strategy. The benefit is seen both immediately and in the long-term; crime rates are lowered, graduation rates are raised, businesses benefit from educated and committed workers, and the city sees a huge return in tax revenue from the increase in the workforce. A glossary of terms is included. Contains 24 references.

    Children Born in 2001: First Results from the Base Year of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) -- (11-19-04) -- This E.D. TAB provides descriptive information about children born in the United States in 2001. It presents information on certain child and family characteristics, on children’s mental and physical skills, on children’s first experiences in child care, and on the fathers of these children. The report profiles data from a nationally representative sample of children at about 9 months of age both overall, and for various subgroups (i.e., male and female, children from different racial/ethnic groups, and children living in different types of families).

    Building Strong Families (2004) -- (11-18-04) -- From YMCA of the USA and Search Institute — A Study of African American and Latino/Latina Parents in the United States and Resources These Parents Need to Succeed

    Infection Puts Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants at Risk For Developmental Delays -- (11-17-04) -- Extremely low birth weight infants — the tiniest category of premature infants — are much more likely to experience developmental impairments if they acquire an infection during the newborn period, according to a study by the Neonatal Research Network of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, one of the National Institutes of Health.

    Early Childhood Services: A Directory of Services Available to Children With Disabilities in Minnesota -- (11-10-04) -- "Early Childhood Services: A Directory of Services Available to Children With Disabilities in Minnesota," provides information on resources that may help families, providers and others working with children with special health needs or disabilities. It is arranged with general resource descriptions up front, specific local resources listed by the county or reservation the child lives in and by the school district the child would attend.

    Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Week Oct. 24-30th -- (10-19-04) -- Gov. Tim Pawlenty and Minnesota Health Commissioner Dianne Mandernach today called on parents and other Minnesotans to take an active role in protecting children against lead poisoning, offering some tips on what to do. “Despite recent progress in reducing childhood lead poisoning rates, lead exposure remains one of the leading environmental health risks facing our state's children. As part of an effort to raise awareness of lead in the environment, the governor has signed a proclamation designating Oct. 24-30 as "Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Week" in the state.

    National School Backpack Awareness Day - September 22, 2004 -- (09-27-04) -- "Pack it Light, Wear it Right" is the American Occupational Therapy Association's (AOTA) advice to the more than 40 million students who return to school in September. As part of its National School Backpack Awareness Day, AOTA wants to educate parents, teachers and students about the proper weight and fit of school backpacks to avoid health problems.

    Early Child Development in Social Context: A Chartbook -- (09-23-04) -- Child Trends, in partnership with the American Academy of Pediatrics' Center for Child Health Research and the Commonwealth Fund, has released a new chartbook with 33 indicators focusing on early childhood development. Areas covered include social, emotional, and intellectual development, health outcomes related to development, and parental, family, and neighborhood characteristics that influence young children's school readiness. Each indicator is accompanied by a brief description of its importance based on the latest research; provides selected estimates from the latest available data; and offers useful discussions of steps that health policymakers, practitioners, and parents can take to improve children's development and health during their first years of life. This is a great resource for anyone who wants to understand more about early development and how to improve outcomes for young children.

    Collective Socialization and Child Conduct Problems -- (09-08-04) -- This article presents findings from research examining the influence of collective socialization on conduct problems among African American youth. Collective socialization is a process by which children within a community social network are influenced by common behavioral expectations. Results suggest a strong relationship between collective socialization and conduct problems.

    Positive Discipline - A Guide for Parents -- (09-03-04) -- This easy to read 52 page booklet looks at common parenting challenges with children birth through early elementary years. Written by the University of Minnesota Extension Service and Children’s Hospitals and Clinics, this helpful guide gives parents ways to address behavior using positive discipline techniques to guide and teach their child.

    Broad plan seeks to eliminate childhood lead poisoning in state by 2010 -- (08-25-04) -- A plan to eliminate childhood lead poisoning in Minnesota by 2010 has been completed by a multi-agency workgroup and endorsed by Gov. Tim Pawlenty.

    Suicidality among urban African American & Latino youth -- (08-17-04) -- This article presents the results of a survey investigation of prevalence and predictors of suicidality among 879 urban adolescents. Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are reported by approximately 15% of this group of 16 and 17 year olds. Identified risk and protective factors are discussed, together with some implications for suicide prevention.

    Resilience-based prevention: A multi-year multi-site program evaluation -- (08-06-04) -- This paper reports the results of a four-year evaluation of Al’s Pals, a prevention program for children 3-8 years, designed to promote social and emotional competence. Results from teacher ratings indicated increases in prosocial behavior and positive coping among the participants, but no significant change in the level of behavior problems in the classroom.

    Tapping the Power of Community: Building Assets to Strengthen Substance Abuse Prevention -- (07-29-04) -- (March 2004, Volume 2, Number 1) - Building "developmental assets" can play an important role in reducing many forms of youth substance use, particularly as when asset building engages the whole community in contributing to young people's healthy development. Young people with low levels of developmental assets are two to four times as likely to use alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs than those who have above-average asset levels, according to a new report from Search Institute. This relationship is true for young people from all racial/ethnic, family, and socioeconomic backgrounds.

    Model School Health Information System: Final Report -- (07-28-04) -- A child's ability to learn is directly influenced by his or her health status, and improving health is likely to enhance educational achievement. The collection and monitoring of data on children and youth in school is an important component of program and policy development for improving the health and well-being of all children and youth.

    Boosting Student Achievement: New Research on the Power of Developmental Assets -- (07-28-04) -- (October 2003, Volume 1, Number 1) - New studies suggest that developmental assets play a significant role in students' academic achievement across a wide range of students. In fact, developmental assets appear to have as much or more influence on student achievement as other demographic factors and school reform strategies. Thus, building developmental assets has great promise as a strategy for boosting student achievement.

    Unique Strengths, Shared Strengths: Developmental Assets Among Youth of Color -- (07-28-04) -- (November 2003, Volume 1, Number 2) - New Search Institute research shows that African American, American Indian, Asian American, Latino/Latina, White, and Multiracial youth all benefit similarly from experiencing more of the 40 developmental assets in their lives, regardless of their socioeconomic status. At the same time, the importance of particular categories of assets varies by race/ethnicity, suggesting the need for focused, ongoing dialogue within communities of color about their unique strengths and opportunities for nurturing healthy children and youth.

    Effects of Having a Child with ADHD on Family Members and Family Management, The -- (07-14-04) -- Reports the results of a qualitative study of how 15 families experienced their lives when the family included a child with ADHD. They call for services that address the needs of the whole family, rather than just focusing on an individual child's disorder.

    Before and After School Care, Programs, and Activities of Children in Kindergarten through Eighth Grade: 2001 -- (06-11-04) -- This report provides insight into the complex and varied ways kindergarten through eighth graders in the nation spend their time out of school.

    10 Tips for talking with kids about tough issues -- (06-11-04) -- Raising a child is probably the most gratifying job any of us will ever have--and one of the toughest. In large part, that's because times have changed. We live in an increasingly complex world that challenges us everyday with a wide range of disturbing issues that are difficult for children to understand and for adults to explain.

    New Data Stresses Importance of After-School Programs for Children and Their Parents -- (06-11-04) -- Three recent reports come together to emphasize the importance of additional investments in quality after-school programs for children and youth and their parents.

    Top Ten Father Facts -- (04-29-04) -- Research and Statistics from the National Fatherhood Initiative.

    Improving Care for Children with ADHD -- (03-18-04) -- Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and their families experience tremendous challenges in their daily lives. School performance, friendships, familly routines and function all are jeopardized by the characteristic inattentiveness, disorganization and (often) impulsivity that define this disorder. The societal skepticism about the scientific basis of ADHD exacerbates these challenges. Finally, the gaping chasm in the quality of care that the health care system offers adds to rather than eases these difficulties.

    Child-Care Centers Have Positive Impact, Study Concludes -- (02-20-04) -- Preschoolers from low-income families who attend center-based child-care programs have stronger school-readiness skills than those cared for in home-based settings, according to new findings from an ongoing study of families affected by the 1996 welfare overhaul.

    U.S. Teens more overweight than youth in 14 other Countries -- (02-02-04) -- U.S. teens are more likely to be overweight than are teens from 14 other industrialized nations, according to survey information collected in 1997 and 1998 by two agencies of the Department of Health and Human Services as well as institutions in 13 European countries and in Israel. The study appears in the January issue of "The Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine".

    Children Need Greater Amounts of Physical Activity In 2004 -- (01-13-04) -- Five years after releasing the first physical activity guidelines for children five to 12 years of age, the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) is increasing the recommended amount. The first of four new guidelines recommends at least 60 minutes, and up to several hours of physical activity per day. This is not surprising given the fact that inactivity has contributed to the recent obesity epidemic and sedentary living is a known threat to health.

    5 Steps to Choosing Quality Child Care -- (01-12-04) -- Steps to assist you with choosing a quality child care provider.

    Health Department adopts new school immunization rules adding chicken pox, pneumococcal vaccines -- (10-31-03) -- The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) has adopted rules that set out new immunization requirements and make several modifications to the current school immunization requirements.

    Building Gateways to Prevention in Your Community -- (10-27-03) -- We all have a role to play in building strong communities in which families and children are valued and supported. It is in these kinds of communities that children are safest from abuse and neglect.

    Power of Parental Influence -- (10-09-03) -- Parenting Newsletter--CSAP's Western Capt through funding from the U.S. department of Education is creating a monthly newsletter for parents during the school year.

    Children's Insurance Coverage and Service Use Improve -- (09-17-03) -- The number and percentage of children without health insurance declined dramatically between 1999 and 2002. The number declined by 1.8 million and the percentage fell by 2.6 percentage points.

    Births to Teens Continue 12-Year Decline; Cesarean Deliveries Reach All-Time High -- (09-11-03) -- The U.S. birth rate fell to the lowest level since national data have been available, reports the latest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) birth statistics released today by HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson.

    Mothers' Leaving Welfare Had No Effect on Preschoolers -- (09-11-03) -- Mothers' transition from welfare to employment did not seem to have any negative effects on preschoolers or young adolescents, according to a study by researchers at Northwestern University, Johns Hopkins University, and Boston College.

    Nation Needs New Strategy for Purchasing and Distributing Vaccines -- (08-20-03) -- Ever since the distribution of the polio vaccine in the 1950s, the Uncle Sam has played a major role in buying and distributing vaccines.

    Bellingham cops train to be foster parents for vulnerable kids -- (08-20-03) -- What happens when children's parents are arrested, especially in the middle of the night, and the children have nowhere to stay?

    Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003 Signed Into Law -- (08-20-03) -- On June 25, 2003 President George W. Bush signed into law the Keeping Children and Children and Families Safe Act of 2003. The Act reauthorizes the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), the Adoption Opportunities program, the Abandoned Infants Assistance Act, and the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act, authorizing funding for fiscal years 2004 through 2008.

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    Juvenile Justice

    Breaking the Cycle of Abuse in Juvenile Facilities -- (02-11-09) -- A special account of abuse of youth in custody in California, Texas, Florida, and Indiana and recommendations for reform by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency.

    The Right to Education in the Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems in the United States -- (02-11-09) -- This report documents the school to prison pipeline; demographic and educational characteristics of the juvenile and adult incarcerated populations; the lack of adequate access to quality education programs in juvenile facilities and state and federal prisons; and examples of youth detention facilities in New York, Texas, and Louisiana that violate the rights of youth to education and to be treated with dignity.

    Pathways to Juvenile Detention Reform -- (06-20-06) -- TO DOCUMENT THE INNOVATIONS AND EXPERIENCES OF SITES in the Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative, the Annie E. Casey Foundation recently began publishing a series of monographs called Pathways to Juvenile Detention Reform. Written by administrators, researchers, and other juvenile justice authorities, 11 of the volumes focus on key components of detention reform. A report on replicating the Broward County reforms statewide and a journalist's account of JDAI are also included in the series.

    Juvenile Arrests 2003 -- (08-19-05) -- Summarizes and analyzes national and state juvenile arrest data presented in the FBI report Crime in the United States 2003. As the Bulletin reports, the juvenile violent crime arrest rate in 2003 reached its lowest level since 1980. The rate, which grew substantially during the late 1980s and peaked in 1994, has decreased for 9 consecutive years. In 2003, it was nearly half its 1994 peak level. The juvenile arrest rate for each of the offenses tracked in the FBI's Violent Crime Index (murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) has been declining steadily since the mid-1990s; for murder, the rate fell 77% from its 1993 peak through 2003.

    Evaluation reports of five OJJDP-funded gang programs via the National Criminal Justice Reference Service -- (08-19-05) -- The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) announces the availability of evaluation reports of five OJJDP-funded gang programs via the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS).

    Tribal Youth Initiatives -- (03-23-05) -- Tribal communities in the United States face formidable challenges. Although the difficulties that afflict American Indian and Alaska-Native (AI/AN) communities are not necessarily unique - violence, gangs, and drugs plague many communities nationwide - these problems are especially pervasive among tribal populations. Tribal communities experience disproportionately high levels of violent victimization, intimate partner violence, child abuse and neglect, youth gang involvement, and co-occurrence of alcohol use and offending. Of particular concern to AI/AN tribes and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) is the increasing number of violent crimes being committed by juveniles in many tribal communities.

    Children in Adult Jails -- (06-11-04) -- Research demonstrates that children in adult jails and lockups are five times as likely to be sexually assaulted, twice as likely to be beaten by staff, 50 percent more likely to be attacked with a weapon and eight times as likely to commit suicide as children confined in juvenile facilities. In addition, the research shows that transferring children from juvenile court to adult court does not decrease recidivism, and in fact actually increases crime.

    Juvenile Arrests 2001 -- (06-11-04) -- In 2001, law enforcement agencies in the United States made an estimated 2.3 million arrests of persons under age 18. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) juveniles accounted for 17% of all arrests and 15% of all violent crime arrests in 2001.

    Explanations for the Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases -- (02-25-04) -- The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) is committed to improving the justice system's response to crimes against children. OJJDP recognizes that children are at increase risk for crime victimization. Not only are children the victims of many of the same crimes that victimize adults, they are subject to other crimes, like child abuse and neglect, that are specific to childhood. The impact of these crimes on young victims can be devastating, and the violent or sexual victimization of children can often lead to an intergenerational cycle of violence and abuse. The purpose of OJJDP's Crimes Against Children Series is to improve and expand the nation's efforts to better serve child victims by presenting the latest information about child victimization, including analyses of crimes victimization statistic, studies of child victims and their special needs, and descriptions of programs and approaches that address these needs.

    An Insider's Look at Juvenille Justice -- (12-05-03) -- Over the past two decades, the push to treat youngsters charged with serious crimes as adults has led to the growth of a new inmate population: juveniles doing time in adult facilities. Currently, 46 states have laws allowing for the transfer of juvenile criminal cases to adult courts under certain conditions.

    Females in the Criminal Justice System -- (09-24-03) -- As Americans stand on the threshold of the 21st century, the increasing criminalization of women and girls and the reality that they are now pouring into prisons, jails, and detention centers faster than their male counterparts must spark a major public response.

    From Incarceration to Community -- (06-12-03) -- Continuing a theme of several recent Data Trends on issues related to children's mental health and juvenile justice is an article researching the transition for juvenile offenders from incarceration to community.

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    Local, State and Federal

    Abstinence-Only Debate Heating Up -- (02-20-04) -- President Bush's proposal to almost double the amount of money the federal government spends on abstinence education to $273 million in fiscal 2005 has raised the stakes in the battle over what to teach children and adolescents about sex.

    How well do your members of Congress protect children? -- (02-18-04) -- How well do your members of Congress protect kids? The Children's Defense Fund's nonpartisan 2003 Congressional Scorecard has the answer. The eleven key votes scored in 2003 include No Child Left Behind, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act reauthorization, gun industry immunity, 21st Century Commmunity Learning Centers after-school programs, children's access to health care, child-care, the Child Tax Credit and housing assistance.

    Minnesota 2003 Development Report Card for the States -- (12-10-03) -- The States are ranked in 68 measures, plus 5-year trends.

    Minnesota Receives $44.8 Million in Federal Low Income Heating Assistance -- October 21, 2003 -- (10-31-03) -- Governor Tim Pawlenty announced today that Minnesota will receive more than $44.8 million in federal funds to boost its Low Income Home Emergency Assistance Program (LIHEAP) for October, November and December of this year. This major boost comes thanks to Secretary of Health and Human Services Tommy G. Thompson's decision today to release these funds to ensure that states have resource available to support their energy assistance programs as the weather turns colder. Special consideration was given to the coldest states.

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    How to Write a Press Release that Gets Noticed -- (10-12-04) -- The following information will assist you when writing a news release for distribution.

    Social Marketing Resource from the National Cancer Institute -- (04-22-03) -- The newly-revised Making Health Communications Programs Work: A Planner's Guide, also known as the "Pink Book" has been updated to reflect recent advances in the communications process. The Pink Book emphasizes a practical approach, with the understanding that one communications plan does not fit all and each plan should be tailored to the individual needs and size of an organization.

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    Mental Health

    Mental Health and Substance Abuse Procedure Codes -- (11-06-08) -- Codes to use when billing mental health and substance abuse procedures.

    Military Mental Health System Overwhelmed, Understaffed, Report Says -- (03-01-07) -- A new report from the American Psychological Association says that the military is falling short of providing needed counseling and support for soldiers and veterans of the Iraq and Afghan wars who have mental-health problems.

    Co-Occurring Major Depressive Episode (MDE) and Alcohol Use Disorder among Adults -- (02-15-07) -- This report, based on SAMHSA's National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), provides data on prevalence and treatment rates for adults age 18 and older with only alcohol use disorder, only major depressive episode, and both problems in the past year by demographic characteristics.

    The NSDUH Report: Service Utilization for Mental Health Problems among Adults -- (10-05-06) -- SAMHSA's Office of Applied Studies (OAS) has just released the following short report on the web, based on SAMHSA's National Survey on Drug Use & Health (NSDUH). It presents data for adults age 18 or older on (1) their receipt of treatment for mental health problems, (2) their perceived unmet need for treatment for such problems, and (3) the reasons for not receiving treatment for mental health problems among those with an unmet need for treatment.

    Military Directs Services to At-Risk Troops -- (07-03-06) -- Therapists are working to combat stress and trauma among soldiers almost from the moment they leave the battlefield in Iraq, and military officials say the interventions have prevented many soldiers from developing persistent psychological problems.

    Telemedicine Taking Off, Especially in Rural Areas -- (07-03-06) -- More mental-health counseling is taking place via television hookups in rural communities to help isolated residents cope with issues like addiction, post-traumatic stress, or other disorders.

    New Co-Occurring Disorders Publications Available at SAMHSA -- (07-03-06) -- Co-occurring mental and substance abuse disorders affect approximately 4.6 million individuals in the United States. However, only a small percentage of these individuals receive treatment that addresses both disorders. Many receive no treatment of any kind. To better educate states, communities and behavioral healthcare providers, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA) Co-Occurring Center for Excellence (COCE) has just released in print the first of a series of brief publications for treatment professionals on co-occurring mental and substance abuse disorders.

    Psychiatry 'Bible' Written by Experts with Ties to Pharmaceutical Industry -- (04-26-06) -- The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) is considered the bible of mental-health treatment, defining every commonly accepted mental and addictive illness as well as treatment protocols. But new research shows that half of the 170 experts involved in drafting the DSM have financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry, which stands to profit from decisions made in defining illnesses and treatments.

    SAMHSA Launches Partners for Recovery Website Site offers news and resources on recovery -- (01-25-06) -- The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) today announced the launch of a website dedicated to the advancement of prevention, treatment and recovery from substance use and mental health disorders.

    Services Available Through Minnesota Neurorehabilitation Services (MNS) -- (08-24-05) -- Minnesota Neurorehabilitation Services provides specialized behavioral, neuropsychological/pharmacological, and functional therapies for persons with traumatic or acquired brain injury. As a division of Minnesota State Operated Services, the MNS charter extends to most situations where access to services is inadequate or nonexistent.

    Unprecedented Federal Alignment Announced to Help Provide People with Mental Illness Opportunity for Recovery -- (07-29-05) -- The federal government is aligning resources in an unprecedented collaborative effort to help ensure that people with mental illness have every opportunity for recovery. Six cabinet level departments – Education, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, Justice, Labor, Veterans Affairs and the Social Security Administration have detailed 70 specific steps in a mental health action agenda released today.

    Mental Health Information and Statistics -- (04-27-05) -- Mental disorders are common in the United States and internationally. An estimated 22.1 percent of Americans ages 18 and older--about 1 in 5 adults--suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year. When applied to the 1998 U.S. Census residential population estimate, this figure translates to 44.3 million people. In addition, 4 of the 10 leading causes of disability in the U.S. and other developed countries are mental disorders--major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Many people suffer from more than one mental disorder at a given time.

    Spending on Mental and Substance Use Disorders Concentrated In the Public Sector -- (03-30-05) -- The percentage of mental health and substance abuse services paid for by public sources is increasing, with a smaller percentage provided by private sources, including private health insurance.

    Reducing and Eliminating Disparities in Mental Health Service Delivery: Recommendations for More Effective Access for Indigenous Native American Nations -- (03-23-05) -- PowerPoint presentation by Ethleen Iron Cloud-Two Dogs, M.S.

    Information for Individuals and Families about Suicide Prevention -- (03-09-05) -- Mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder can make some people so ill they begin to see death as the only way to escape their pain. Remember, suicidal thoughts are symptoms of an illness. With appropriate treatment and knowledge, the risk of suicide can be greatly reduced. The risk of a suicide attempt, however, is difficult to predict. There is no test to tell us that a person is suicidal or assure us that they are not. Fortunately, asking someone if they are having thoughts about suicide does not cause them to act on these thoughts. Do not be afraid to ask.

    Low Income Mothers Coming to Primary Care: Depression and Reports of Problems with their children -- (01-24-05) -- In this article, the researchers investigate the links between maternal depression among women who have a scheduled appointment with a primary care physician, and their reports of problems with their children. Based on the data from this sample, the researchers conclude that prevention or successful treatment of major depressive disorder among mothers receiving primary care could reduce the risk of negative child outcomes by as much as 55%.

    Bridging Science and Service: A Report by the National Advisory Mental Health Council's Clinical Treatment and Services Research Workgroup -- (01-05-05) -- Recent decades have brought remarkable advances in our abilities to diagnose and treat mental illnesses. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has played a pivotal role in supporting the research that has made it possible to enhance, often dramatically, the lives of persons with these illnesses. Research has contributed to the quality and breadth of treatments available and has reduced significantly the stigma attached to mental illnesses. Scientific and clinical advances have helped the public to understand that mental illnesses are treatable medical conditions. Ongoing research is elucidating the complex interplay between brain and behavior and forecasts even more significant developments in treatment and prevention strategies and in public understanding.

    Brains of People with Autism Recall Letters of the Alphabet In Brain Areas Dealing With Shapes -- (11-30-04) -- Finding Supports Theory That Autism Results From Failure of Brain Areas To Work Together

    Mental Health Consultation in Child Care Centers -- (09-09-04) -- The results of this research in 23 diverse child care centers, indicate that the availability of mental health consultation is associated with improvements in teacher self-efficacy, teacher competence, teacher turnover, and the overall classroom environment. This has important implications for improving the quality of child care and promoting the healthy development of young children.

    Relationships Between Poverty and Psychopathology, The -- (09-09-04) -- The authors of this longitudinal study compare the incidence of psychiatric symptoms among children 9-13 years, described as persistently poor, ex-poor or never poor. They conclude that variability in symptoms associated with change in economic states provide evidence for social causation for some types of psychiatric disorder.

    Effects of Having a Child with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) on Family Members and Family Management, The -- (09-09-04) -- The authors of these two articles report the results of a qualitative study of how 15 families experienced their lives when the family included a child with ADHD. They call for services that address the needs of the whole family, rather than just focusing on an individual child’s disorder.

    Clinicians and How They Use and View Outcome Measurement -- (09-09-04) -- This study investigates clinicians' views about methods of evaluating the effectiveness of clinical treatments, with a focus on the use of standardized outcome measures. Barriers to the use of standardized measures, and ways of improving the clinical utility of outcome measurement are discussed.

    Evidence-based practice and a recovery approach to mental illness -- (09-09-04) -- The authors of this article discuss the implications of advances in our understanding of the concept of recovery for developments in research, policy and practice in metal health services. Their recommendations for the integration of recovery and evidence-based approaches provide a framework for progress towards services that are both excellent and family driven.

    Informational update addressing discrimination and stigma associated with mental illness -- (08-23-04) -- A new Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (RRTC) promises to dramatically advance the goal of full community integration for persons with psychiatric disabilities.

    Depression Traced to Overactive Brain Circuit -- (08-05-04) -- A brain imaging study by the NIH's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has found that an emotion-regulating brain circuit is overactive in people prone to depression - even when they are not depressed.

    Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America -- (07-28-04) -- The President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health released its final report, Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America one year ago. This visionary document calls for transformation of the Nation's mental health system.

    Employment experiences of youth with emotional and behavioral disorders -- (07-20-04) -- This study offers useful information about the differing perceptions of employed youth with emotional and behavioral disorders and their supervisors, regarding work behaviors and the relative importance of these behaviors. Youth satisfaction with certain aspects of their employment situation is also explored. Implications for working with adolescents entering employment are discussed.

    Some Facts about Suicide in the U.S.A. -- (04-19-04) -- Facts about Suicide from the American Association of Suicidology.

    Child and Adolescent Mental Health -- (01-07-04) -- Mental health is how people think, feel, and act as they face life's situations. It affects how people handle stress, relate to one another, and make decisions. Mental health influences the ways individuals look at themselves, their lives, and others in their lives. Like physical health, mental health is important at every stage of life. All aspects of our lives are affected by our mental health. Caring for and protecting our children is an obligation and is critical to their daily lives and their independence.

    Stress (psychology) -- (01-07-04) -- Stress (psychology), an unpleasant state of emotional and physiological arousal that people experience in situations that they perceive as dangerous or threatening to their well-being. The word stress means different things to different people. Some people define stress as events or situations that cause them to feel tension, pressure, or negative emotions such as anxiety and anger. Others view stress as the response to these situations. This response includes physiological changes--such as increased heart rate and muscle tension-as well as emotional and behavioral changes. However, most psychologists regard stress as a process involving a person's interpretation and response to a threatening event.

    Widespread Effects of Depression, The -- (10-02-03) -- Depression is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. That's the word from NIH's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the component of the federal government that studies depression and other mental illnesses.

    Pre-primary Assessments--What the Experts Think -- (08-20-03) -- The growing focus on early childhood education has focused attention on what makes for good child assessment and program evaluation at the pre-primary level.

    Helping Children Cope: Worries About War -- (03-24-03) -- Helping Children Cope: Worries About War is a pamphlet for downloading in Word and PDF.

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    Check 21 Federal Banking Law -- (10-11-04) -- A new federal banking law, Check 21, will go into effect on October 28. The Office of the State Auditor has worked with Minnesota’s local government units to make sure they are aware of the ramifications of the new law. The law will affect more than just governments, however. Because the law changes the way banks are allowed to process checks, any citizen that writes or receives checks is likely to be affected.

    Applicants applying for a grant or cooperative agreement from the Federal Government need a Dun and Bradstreet (DUNS) number beginning October 1, 2003 -- (10-21-03) -- Beginning October 1, 2003, applicants will be required to have a Dun and Bradstreet (DUNS) number to apply for a grant or cooperative agreement from the Federal Government.